Начало English Awkward Truths about the Condition of the Bulgarian Education

Awkward Truths about the Condition of the Bulgarian Education

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Here we are stating in brief the motives which made us to set up a student-pupil movement with the perspective to grow into a mass organisation. It is for sure that the troubles of the Bulgarian education are much more than those herewith stated.
We hope and would be very pleased to write us on the troubles you have met with at school or the university on our e-mail or forum.

The Bulgarian Academy of Sciences reported that by the beginning of the year 2006 Bulgaria has lost 13 billion Bulgarian levs from the so-called ‘drain of brains’ (realization of specialists abroad who were educated in Bulgaria).

According to the research of the State Agency for Child Protection above 70% of the Bulgarian children ate food of poor quality i.e. they did not receive enough biologically active substances and 7% of the children weighted under the norms due to malnutrition.

The number of illiterate people climbed up abruptly from 0.5% up to 13%. By the year 1989 all children had the chance to study and in the period 1989-1999 around 50 000 dropped out from school. In 2001 around 250 000 children did not go to school which is 21% of all 1,2 million pupils (according to Vitosha Research every second child is a drop-out in 2007! In the same inquiry 9% reply they would return to school if their parents agree; 9% if they were not forced to work; 10% if they receive free textbooks; 10% if they receive free food and 15% if they acquire vocation.
At the same time many children become victims of exploitation. According to data of the International Labour Organisation, in the year 2005, 83 000 children at the age 5 – 17 worked and in 2007 they were 250 000 according to KT ‘Podkrepa’ (Bulgarian trade union)!

Regarding the youth unemployment rate in Bulgaria (data of the World Bank):  the average unemployment youth rate in Bulgaria is two times higher than  the average rate of the country (a typical tendency for all EC countries). A considerable part of the Bulgarian young people neither work nor study. At the age 15–24 the idle young people (neither working nor studying) was 21% and that of the disinterested ones (neither working nor studying) was 14%. The prevailing part of the unemployed is permanently workless young people of lower education. In the year 2006, 60% of all unemployed were out of work for a period of one year, and 34% for a period of three years; 44% of the permanently unemployed had unfinished secondary or elementary education.

The children are forced to study from textbooks which they consider idiotic. It is the opinion of more than half of the five-year pupils, almost ¾ of the eight-graders and 86,23% of the eleventh-graders. Besides, idiotic or not, the textbooks are a luxury. 50% of the children accept that it was difficult for their families to pay for the textbooks if they ever bought them.

The fact that textbooks are free only for first-grade pupils is a breach of the Convention on the Children Rights, the Constitution and the Law of National Education.
The school protection of health is at a very poor level. Each tenth five-grader, seventh eight-grader and fifth eleven-grader has never seen a doctor for a preventive check-up and regarding dentist-up, the situation is even worse.
The lowest graders read most. 27,49 of the fifth-graders spend their free time with book in hand compared to 13,02% and 17,99% of respectively eight and eleventh-graders.
Two out of 100 children go to school moneyless; 40,61% of the fifth-graders receive some small money for breakfast as well as each eighteen-year-old. Almost half of the upper graders have 2 levs (about 1 euro) daily.
Between 53% and 65% of the children have no free access to sports.
5% of all fifth-graders, 20% the eight-graders and 40% of the eleventh-graders are regular smokers.
Each thirteenth fifth-grader, more than 1/3  of the eighth-graders and more than ½ eleventh-graders drinks alcohol; 1,52 of the fifth-graders, each eleventh eighth-grader and each sixth eleventh-grader has tried drugs.