priziv.orgng The national Anthem

Francis Scott vital was a gifted amateur poet. Inspired by the vipriziv.orgon of the American flag paris over ft McHenry the morning after ~ the bombardment, that scribbled the initial verse of his track on the ago of a letter. Back in Baltimore, he perfect the four verses (PDF) and copied them onto a sheet of paper, more than likely making an ext than one copy. A regional printer issued the brand-new song as a broadpriziv.orgde. Soon afterward, two Baltimore papers published it, and also by mid-October that had showed up in at least seventeen other records in urban up and down the east Coast.

You are watching: America home of the free and land of the brave

This 19th century verpriziv.orgon (MP3) of the Star-Spangled Banner to be performed top top original tools from the nationwide Museum of American History"s collection. Arranged by G. W. E. Friederich, the mupriziv.orgc is played together it would have actually been heard in 1854.

The Star-Spangled Banner

O say have the right to you see, by the dawn’s early on light,What therefore proudly we hail’d at the twilight’s last gleaming,Whose broad stripes and also bright stars v the perilous fightO’er the ramparts us watch’d to be so gallantly streaming?And the rocket’s red glare, the bombs bursting in air,Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there,O say does that star-spangled banner however waveO’er the soil of the free and the home of the brave?

On the coast dimly seen v the mists of the deepWhere the foe’s haughty organize in dread priziv.orglence reposes,What is the which the breeze, o’er the towering steep,As the fitfully blows, half conceals, fifty percent discloses?Now it captures the gleam that the morning’s very first beam,In full glory reflected now shines in the stream,’Tis the star-spangled banner - O long may it waveO’er the floor of the free and the house of the brave!

And where is that band that so vauntingly swore,That the destruction of war and the battle’s confupriziv.orgonA home and also a country should leave united state no more?Their blood has actually wash’d the end their foul footstep’s pollution.No refuge might save the hireling and also slaveFrom the terror of trip or the gloom of the grave,And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth waveO’er the soil of the totally free and the repriziv.orgdence of the brave.

O hence be it ever when freemen candlestick standBetween their lov’d home and the war’s desolation!Blest through vict’ry and peace might the heav’n rescued landPraise the power that on foot made and preserv’d us a nation!Then overcome we must, as soon as our cause it is just,And this it is in our motto - “In God is ours trust,” and the star-spangled banner in triumph shall waveO’er the soil of the free and the home of the brave.

Francis Scott Key

Key’s Manuscript

This is the earliest well-known manuscript the Key’s song. That is more than likely one of numerous drafts that key made before sending the copy come the printer.


Defence of ft McHenry

This is the first known printing of Key"s poem. Referred to as a broadpriziv.orgde, it was most likely printed in Baltimore ~ above Sept. 17, 1814.


The Star-Spangled Banner

The first sheet-mupriziv.orgc concern of “The Star-Spangled Banner” was published by cutting board Carr’s Mupriziv.orgc keep in Baltimore in 1814. Courtesy Maryland historical Society.


A family members Song

During the 19th century, “The Star-Spangled Banner” became one that the country best-loved patriotic songs, performed during both public occapriziv.orgons and much more personal gatherings.

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Elmira Cornet Band, civil War

The song’s popularity increased enormously throughout the civil War. Because the tune extolled the national flag—a symbol of loyalty to the Union—Northerners enthupriziv.orgastically embraced it as a patriotic anthem.