Medically reviewed by Alana Biggers, M.D., MPH — written by Adrienne Santos-Longhurst on April 24, 2019

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Lymph nodes job-related as filter in our bodies, trapping infection and also illness to prevent them native spreading. This smooth, pea-sized glands can become enlarged, ede as large as a grape or tennis ball.

You are watching: Enlarged lymph node in groin area

Swollen lymph nodes in the groin in women have plenty of of the same causes as in men. A reduced body infection, such together yeast infection or athlete’s foot, is the most likely cause.

A low-grade infection brought about by injury when shaving your legs or pubic hair can additionally cause your groin lymph nodes come swell.

Sexually sent infections (STIs) and cancer are other possible causes.

This article covers every one of these potential causes, other symptoms come be aware of, and also when to view a doctor.


Causes

Swelling often tends to occur in the lymph nodes closest to the area the infection. The groin lymph nodes, also called inguinal nodes, space usually affected by epidemic or disease in the lower body.

The following are the most common causes of swollen groin lymph nodes in women:

low-grade infection from shaving her pubic hair or legs

Though other reasons are much more common, cancer can cause swollen lymph nodes in the groin in women and also men.

Cancer in the pelvis, back, and also lower extremities deserve to spread to your inguinal lymph nodes. Instances of such cancers include:

Swollen lymph nodes can additionally be caused by lymphoma and leukemia, despite these types of cancers are an ext likely to cause generalized lymphadenopathy. This is when more than one area the lymph nodes, such as the armpits and groin, swells.

Other conditions that can cause more than one area that swollen lymph nodes are:


Symptoms

A lymph node is thought about abnormal when it measures larger than 1 centimeter (0.4 inches). In addition to swollen lymph nodes in her groin, you may experience other symptoms depending on what’s bring about the swelling.

Swollen lymph nodes led to by infection, consisting of STIs, are likely to it is in tender and the skin over them warm and red.

If her swollen groin nodes are brought about by infection, girlfriend may additionally have one or an ext of the adhering to symptoms:

Warning indications of cancer include:

lymph nodes that are swollen for an ext than 2 weeksnodes that feel hard and also fixed in placerapidly farming lymph nodespersistent fever
Diagnosis

To diagnose the reason of swollen lymph nodes in the groin, a doctor will start with reviewing your clinical history, consisting of information around your sex-related practices.

They’ll want to know just how long her lymph nodes have actually been swollen and also any other symptoms you experiencing.

The next step is a physical exam to examine the nodes for:

sizeconsistencypainredness

The medical professional may likewise check for lymphadenopathy and other signs of injury or infection.

Other tests your doctor may ask for include:

blood tests to inspect for infection or signs of certain cancersimaging tests, such as an ultrasound or CT scan to watch your abdomen, pelvis, and groin
Treatments

Treatment counts on the underlying reason of swollen lymph nodes.

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When one infection causes swollen lymph nodes, treatment can encompass one or a combination of the following, relying on the form of infection:

topical antibioticsover-the-counter (OTC) antifungal creamIV antibiotics for severe infectionsantiviral drugs because that genital herpes

If cancer is the reason of her swollen lymph nodes, a number of factors aid determine treatment, including the kind of cancer and stage, her age, and your as whole health.

Cancer treatment may include:

immunotherapytargeted therapystem cabinet transplantsurgery
When to watch a doctor

Any new groin lump have to be evaluated by a doctor, particularly if the bump is hard and fixed in location or it’s been existing for an ext than two weeks.


The bottom line

Most that the time, swollen lymph nodes in the groin in women are led to by a lower body infection. This can be a mild skin infection, resulted in by damage or injury to your skin when shaving your legs or bikini area, come a an ext serious infection led to by one STI.

Cancer can also cause your inguinal nodes come swell, yet it’s a far less common cause. Talk through your medical professional if you have actually concerns about a swollen lymph node. They can aid determine the cause.


critical medically the evaluation on April 24, 2019


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Medically the review by Alana Biggers, M.D., MPH — written by Adrienne Santos-Longhurst on April 24, 2019

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