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The Old Man and the Sea, brief heroic novel by Ernest Hemingway, released in 1952 and awarded the 1953 Pulitzer Prize because that fiction. It to be his last major work that fiction. The story centres on one aging fisherman that engages in one epic battle to capture a gigantic marlin.


The central character is an old Cuban fisherman named Santiago, who has not captured a fish because that 84 days. The family of his apprentice, Manolin, has required the boy to leave the old fisherman, though Manolin proceeds to support him v food and also bait. Santiago is a mentor come the boy, who cherishes the old man and also the life lessons that imparts. Persuaded that his luck must change, Santiago take away his skiff much out into the deep waters that the Gulf Stream, where he shortly hooks a giant marlin. Through all his great experience and also strength, he battles with the fish for 3 days, admiring that is strength, dignity, and also faithfulness to its identity; the destiny is as true as Santiago’s as a fisherman. He finally reels the marlin in and lashes it come his boat.


From J.K. Rowling and Oliver Twist to Anita Desai and The Old Man and the Sea, sort through the facts of authorship while sorting through the names and also novels in this quiz.

However, Santiago’s exhausting effort goes for naught. Sharks are drawn to the tethered marlin, and, return Santiago manages to death a few, the sharks eat the fish, leaving behind only its skeleton. After returning to the harbour, the discouraged Santiago goes come his house to sleep. In the meantime, others view the skeleton tied come his boat and also are amazed. A pertained to Manolin is relieved to uncover Santiago alive, and the 2 agree to walk fishing together.

Analysis and reception

The Old Man and the Sea includes many of the themes the preoccupied Hemingway together a writer and as a man. The routines of life in a Cuban fishing town are evoked in the opening pages through a characteristic economy of language. The stripped-down presence of the fisherman Santiago is crafted in a spare, elemental layout that is as eloquently dismissive together a shrug that the old man’s an effective shoulders. Through age and also luck now against him, Santiago to know he should row the end “beyond all people,” away from land and also into the Gulf Stream, whereby one last drama would be play out, in an empty arena that sea and sky.

Hemingway was famously fascinated with ideas of males proving your worth by facing and overcoming the obstacles of nature. As soon as the old male hooks a marlin much longer than his boat, that is tested to the borders as he works the line with bleeding hand in an initiative to carry it close enough to harpoon. With his struggle, Santiago displayed the capability of the human spirit to endure hardship and also suffering in order to win. That is also his deep love and also knowledge the the sea, in the impassive cruelty and beneficence, that allows him come prevail. The crucial physicality of the story—the smells the tar and salt and fish blood, the cramp and nausea and blind fatigue of the old man, the terrifying fatality spasms the the good fish—is collection against the ethereal features of dazzling light and also water, isolation, and also the swelling motion of the sea. And through that all, the rigid is constantly tugging, unreeling a small more, and also then pulling again, every in tandem through the old male struggle. The is a story that needs to be review in a single sitting.

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The Old Man and the Sea was an prompt success and came come be regarded as one of Hemingway’s best works. It to be cited when he won the Nobel prize for literature in 1954. A hugely renowned film adaptation certification Spencer Tracy was released in 1958.