Medically the review by Timothy J. Legg, Ph.D., CRNP — composed by Kimberly Holland on November 11, 2019

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Stockholm syndrome is generally linked to high profile kidnappings and hostage situations. Next from renowned crime cases, regular world may also develop this psychological problem in response to various varieties of trauma.

In this article, we’ll take a closer look in ~ what precisely the Stockholm syndrome is, how it gained its name, the species of situations that may cause someone arising this syndrome, and also what deserve to be done to law it.

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Stockholm syndrome is a emotional response. That occurs as soon as hostages or abuse victims bond with their captors or abusers. This psychological link develops over the course of the days, weeks, months, or even years of bondage or abuse.

With this syndrome, hostages or abuse victims may come to sympathize with their captors. This is the opposite of the fear, terror, and disdain that might be supposed from the victims in this situations.

Over the food of time, some victims carry out come to construct positive feelings toward their captors. They might even start to feel together if castle share usual goals and causes. The victim may begin to develop an unfavorable feelings towards the police or authorities. They may resent everyone who may be do the efforts to help them escape from the dangerous case they’re in.

This paradox walk not take place with every hostage or victim, and it’s unclear why it occurs as soon as it does.

Many psychologists and medical professionals consider Stockholm syndrome a transaction mechanism, or a way to help victims manage the trauma the a terrifying situation. Indeed, the background of the syndrome may help explain why the is.


What is the history?

Episodes that what is recognized as Stockholm syndrome have actually likely arisen for plenty of decades, even centuries. However it wasn’t till 1973 the this an answer to entrapment or abuse became named.

That’s once two men organized four civilization hostage because that 6 days after a financial institution robbery in Stockholm, Sweden. ~ the hostages to be released, they refused to testify versus their captors and even started raising money for your defense.

After that, psychologists and mental health specialists assigned the ax “Stockholm syndrome” come the condition that occurs once hostages develop an emotional or psychological link to the world who hosted them in captivity.

Despite being fine known, however, Stockholm syndrome is not recognized by the new edition the the Diagnostic and also Statistical hands-on of psychological Disorders. This hand-operated is used by mental health experts and other specialists to diagnose mental health disorders.

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Stockholm syndrome is recognized by three unique events or “symptoms.”

These feelings generally happen because of the emotional and also highly charged case that occurs during a hostage situation or abuse cycle.

For example, human being who space kidnapped or take away hostage regularly feel threatened by their captor, yet they are likewise highly reliant top top them for survival. If the kidnapper or abuser shows them part kindness, castle may start to feel optimistic feelings towards their captor for this “compassion.”

Over time, that perception begins to reshape and also skew how they watch the human keeping them hostage or abusing them.