The 2016 election featured unconventional and divisive campaigns and the electoral college results resulted in a stunning upset win for Republican Donald J. Trump.

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After very unconventional, often ugly and increasingly divisive campaign, Donald J. Trump, a brand-new York real estate baron and also reality TV star, beat former very first lady, new York Senator and Secretary that State Hillary Rodham Clinton to come to be the 45th president of the joined States.

In what countless political analysts considered a stunning upset, Trump, through his populist, nationalist campaign, winner the Electoral College, scoring 304 votes come Clinton's 227. As soon as the dust settled, Clinton won the well-known vote through 65,853,516 votes (48.5 percent) to Trump's 62,984,825 (46.4 percent), the widest margin the victory ever by a losing candidate and making she the fifth presidential candidate in U.S. Background to win the popular vote however lose the election.

The Primaries

With 17 hopefuls originally vying for the Republican nomination, trumped was rapid to criticize and also even mock the remainder of the overfilled Republican field, which contained Texas councilor Ted Cruz, Florida councilor Marco Rubio, brand-new Jersey Governor chris Christie, businesswoman Carlie Fiorina, former Florida governor Jeb Bush and also Ohio Governor man Kasich.

After securing the nomination, Trump determined Mike Pence, then branch of Indiana, together his to run mate because that vice president.

Clinton faced her toughest vain from vermouth Senator Bernie Sanders, and, ~ winning sufficient delegates come clinch the nomination, called Tim Kaine, U.S. Senator because that the state the Virginia, as her vice presidential running mate.

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Third-party candidates top top the ballot had Libertarian Gary Johnson and also the eco-friendly Party’s Jill Stein, that won 3.28 and 1.07 percent that the renowned vote, respectively.

Historical Firsts

In an election unlike any type of other, 2016 had a variety of firsts. For she part, Clinton became the first woman to win the presidential nomination the a major party. Trump, meanwhile, ended up being the very first president in much more than 60 years with no suffer serving in conference or together a governor (the just others were Dwight Eisenhower and also Herbert Hoover). At the age of 70, Trump also became the earliest president in U.S. (Ronald Reagan to be 69 as soon as he was sworn in).

The Clinton and Trump Campaigns

The top two voting worries for Americans, follow to Pew study Center, were the economy and also terrorism, adhered to by international policy, wellness care, gun policy and immigration. Throughout his campaign, Trump dubbed for building a wall at the mexico border, draining “the swamp” (meaning finishing corruption in Washington, D.C.) and opposing complimentary trade deals. Clinton’s project centered on health care, legal rights for women, minorities and also LGBT and fair taxes.

But in a battle of slogans—"I'm v Her" vs. "Make America great Again”—both projects were fraught through scandals and negative attacks.

Trump adversaries were fueled by reports of sex-related misconduct, consisting of a leaked "Access Hollywood" record of the bragging about groping women. Opponents additionally focused on Trump’s controversial comments and Tweets top top immigrants, race and more, his assaults on the news media and also violent protesters that lobbied for his election.


Clinton opponents, meanwhile, rallied about chants of "Lock her up," citing an recurring FBI examination into feasible improper use of her an individual email server during her time together secretary of state. The FBI concluded in July 2016 that no charges need to be make in the case, yet on October 28, then-FBI director James Comey notified Congress the FBI was investigating more Clinton emails. ~ above November 6, two days prior to the election, Comey report to Congress the the additional emails did not change the agency’s front report.

Going right into election night, Clinton led in practically all final polls. According to The brand-new York Times and also based on departure polls, Trump's win was attributed to his ability to not only consolidate the support of white voters (especially those there is no college degrees), yet with minority and also lower-income groups, as well.

Russian Interference

In January 2017, the Office that the director of National intelligence released a report concluding that the Russians interfered with the choice to "undermine public faith in the U.S. Democratic process, denigrate Secretary Clinton, and harm she electability and potential presidency.”

After trump fired Comey because that “this Russia thing,” previous FBI manager Robert Mueller was appointed as unique counsel come investigate possible collusion between Russia and Trump’s campaign. After ~ a 2-year investigation, Mueller submitted his findings to the Justice room in march 2019. His team uncovered no proof of collusion in between the trumped campaign and Russia, however concluded Russian interference occurred "in sweeping and also systematic fashion." Thirty-four individuals and also three service providers were indicted in the investigation, several of whom were Trump associates or campaign officials. 


"Presidential choice Results: Donald J. Trump Wins," respectable 9, 2017, The brand-new York Times

"How Trump won the election According to departure Polls," November 8, 2016, The brand-new York Times

"US election 2016: Six factors It will Make," July 29, 2016, BBC

"Top Voting problems in 2016 Election," July 7, 2016, The Pew Charitable to trust

"Election outcomes 2016," CNN

“Intelligence Report on united state Hacking,” June, 1, 2017, The new York Times

“Timeline the Mueller Probe of trump Campaign and Russia,” April 10, 2018, Reuters