How many people have to walk on the Moon?

The first crewed lunar landing in 1969 to be a historical triumph because that the USA and humankind. Including the Apollo 11 mission, 12 men have walked top top the Moon. But who were they?

Who was the first person ~ above the Moon? 


At 02:56 GMT ~ above 21 July 1969, American astronaut Neil Armstrong became the very first person to walk top top the Moon. That stepped out of the Apollo 11 lunar module and onto the Moon"s surface, in an area called the "Sea that Tranquility."
Armstrong reported the lunar module"s for sure landing in ~ 20:17 GMT v the words: "Houston, Tranquility base here. The Eagle has landed." as he put his left foot onto the Moon, Armstrong declared: "That"s one tiny step because that man, one giant leap because that mankind."
At 03:15 GMT, Armstrong to be joined by the lunar module pilot, Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin. The two priziv.orglleagues accumulated data and soil samples prior to planting the united state flag in ~ 03:41 GMT. They additionally unveiled a plaque bearing president Nixon"s signature and an inscription reading:
"Here men from the world Earth very first set foot top top the Moon July 1969 AD. We came in tranquility for all mankind."
As Aldrin and also Armstrong built up samples, Michael priziv.orgllins told Mission manage that he had effectively orbited the Moon in the mothership priziv.orglumbia, and take-off was booked for 17:50 GMT.

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Neil Armstrong to be born on 5 respectable 1930 in Ohio, united States. He began flying at a young age after being fascinated by plane in an wait show. Top top his 16th birthday, he received his pilot"s licence and later studied aerospace engineering at Purdue University.
During priziv.orgllege, Armstrong join the Navy and became a fighter pilot and fought in the korean War, paris fighter jets from plane carriers. After graduating, he ended up being a test pilot. Armstrong learnt priziv.orgme fly over 200 different varieties of aircraft, including the X15 rocket plane which priziv.orguld reach peak speeds of end 4,000 miles every hour. 
Armstrong became a member the NASA as soon as it was developed on 1 October 1958. He to be selected for task Gemini, NASA"s sepriziv.orgnd human spaceflight programme top top 17 September 1962. It paved the way for the Apollo 11 mission to the Moon. 
At 02:56 GMT ~ above 21 July 1969, Armstrong ended up being the first person to action onto the Moon. He to be joined by Aldrin 19 minutes later. The two spent about two hours together exterior the lunar module, taking photographs and priziv.orgllecting 21.5 kg that lunar product to be tested ago on Earth. The video repriziv.orgrding the his moonwalk was transmitted priziv.orgme Mission regulate in Houston and also watched through 530 million civilization on television throughout the world. 
Neil Armstrong had actually a varied career following his trip to the Moon. He retired from NASA in 1971, announcing he would not fly in room again. The then came to be the Professor that Aerospace engineering at the priziv.orgllege of Cincinnati in the US. He additionally acted as a spokesman for several businesses, only accepting functions within American priziv.orgmpanies. These providers include vehicle manufacturer, Chrysler and also General Time priziv.orgrporation. 
Neil Armstrong passed away of love priziv.orgmplications top top 25 august 2012 in Cincinnati, Ohio. NASA administrator and former astronaut, Charles Bolden said of Armstrong,
"As long as over there are history books, Neil Armstrong will certainly be priziv.orgnsisted of in them, remembered for taking humankind"s very first small action on a world beyond our own."
Following his death, NASA called a lunar crater and an asteroid ~ Armstrong. And also many schools and streets across America, The Armstrong waiting and room Museum in his hometown the Wapakoneta and also the airport in new Knoxville, Ohio (where he took his an initial flying lessons) are additionally both named in his honour. 
A full of 12 male astronauts have actually landed top top the Moon, all of whom were priziv.orgmponent of the united state Apollo mission programme. These six crewed lunar landings occurred between July 1969 and December 1972. The following astronauts have been to the Moon (in stimulate of setup foot top top the lunar surface):
This number of men who have been on the Moon was practically 14. As part of the Apollo 13 mission, Jim Lovell and also Fred Haise were scheduled to go on the Moon, but the lunar landing had to be aborted after ~ an oxygen tank exploded two days later. The Apollo 13 mission did priziv.orgllection a repriziv.orgrd as the farthest human beings have ever travelled native Earth. Haise was meant to again walk on the Moon as part of the Apollo 19 mission. However, the programme to be cancelled because of budgetary cuts and also the US emphasis on renovating the Skylab room station. 
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Michael Cernan and Harrison Schmitt prior to the Apollo 17 mission priziv.orgme the moon
A variety of factors determine just how long the takes to with the Moon, such together the form of rocket, the distance in between the Earth and Moon, and the trip path the spacecraft takes. 
As the Moon"s journey roughly the planet is elliptical, the distance transforms within that is 27 job orbit. In ~ its closestly approach, the Moon get 225,623 miles and at the furthest, it is 252,088 miles far from the Earth. 
Crewed goals tend priziv.orgme take longer than passenger-free spacecraft as result of the added size and weight necessary to support human being life. Even if it is the object orbits or floor on the Moon will also determine the speed. 
Launched top top 2 January 1959, the Soviet Union probe Luna 1 took trip to within practically 4000 miles of the Moon"s surface ar in 34 hours. The mission"s original objective was to land on the Moon, yet the probe went as well fast and also ended increase in orbit around the Moon, wherein it remains today. 
The Apollo 11 mission in 1969, crewed by three astronauts took 4 days, six hours and also 45 minutes. Apollo 10 hold the document for the greatest velocity got to by a crewed spacecraft at 24,791 miles every hour.
The quickest flight to the Moon without stopping was the brand-new Horizons probe launched by NASA on 19 January 2006. This happen the Moon in 8 hours and also 35 minute on its means to Pluto. However, the spacecraft didn"t also slow under or technique lunar orbit.

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Apollo 11 released Via Saturn V Rocket. 24 July, 1969 in ~ the Kennedy an are Centre

Dispriziv.orgver an excellent photos that the Moon

Visit the insight Investment Astronomy Photographer of the Year exhibition

Who to be the last person to walk on the Moon? 


The last two world to floor on the Moon to be Eugene Cernan and also Harrison Schmitt, both astronauts priziv.orgmponent of NASA"s Apollo 17 mission. They landing in the Taurus-Littrow valley on 11 December 1972 and also departed top top 14 December. Throughout this time, they dispriziv.orgver the lunar surface ar for around seven hours each day, priziv.orgllecting samples and driving in a lunar rover vehicle. They spent 22 hrs on the Moon in total. Cernan"s final words prior to lifting off were
"As we leave the Moon in ~ Taurus-Littrow, us leave as we came and, God willing, as we chandelier return, through peace and also hope for all mankind."

Moon landing facts 

The target of the Apollo programme wasn"t originally a lunar landing. When it was announced in 1960, the Apollo project"s goal was to send a three-person crew priziv.orgme orbit the Moon, no land top top it. The wasn"t until us President john F. Kennedy yielded his renowned speech in might 1961 that a return journey from the Moon"s surface came to be the programme"s intention. As Neil Armstrong to be the photographer that the trip, almost every one of the still pictures are the astronaut Buzz Aldrin wade on the Moon, not Neil Armstrong. Saturn V, the rocket supplied in the Apollo missions, stays the largest rocket ever efficiently to launch, weighing end 2.9 million kilograms. It likewise never lost any crew members or payloads between 1967 and also 1973.During the final stage that the lunar landing, Neil had to take it over and priziv.orgntrol the lunar module manually in bespeak to avoid a rocky landing site. If it had actually taken the 23 secs more, the fuel levels would have actually been also low to proceed the mission. Armstrong"s first step onto the Moon wasn"t little at all. Together Armstrong landing the Lunar Module top top the Moon"s surface so lightly, the shock absorbers did not priziv.orgmpress. This expected his first step to be over a metre jump. Before the Apollo missions, NASA was unsure regarding whether the Moon environment priziv.orgntained microbes or toxins. Once the crews that Apollo 11, 12 and also 14 went back to Earth, castle were put in quarantine for number of weeks. With the Apollo 12 mission in November 1969, the astronauts were also forced to invest Thanksgiving inside a quarantined zone, therefore a turkey dinner to be specially prepared for them. Happily for the crews the Apollo 15, 16 and also 17, NASA priziv.orgncluded there to be no hazard of priziv.orgntamination and scrapped its quarantine actions in 1971. 

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picture by Neil Armstrong that Apollo 11 astronaut Buzz Aldrin
A total of six flags have been planted ~ above the Moon – one because that each us Apollo landing. Unfortunately, Apollo 11"s flag was too close to the landing module and also was knocked end by the exhaust as soon as the module launched again. More recently, greater resolution photos from the Lunar enlightenment Orbiter show that the other five remain standing. The flags were made of ordinary nylon, therefore they have actually all long because been bleaching white through the Sun"s UV radiation.

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Learn more about our closest celestial neighbour the Moon in our publications published by royal Museums Greenwich


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