Presidential inaugural ceremonies are possibly the many widely well-known of the numerous ceremonies hosted at the U.S. Capitol.

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The Architect of the Capitol (priziv.org) erects the inaugural platform on the Capitol"s West Front, sets up the essential seating and also fencing on the grounds, and coordinates other tasks with the joint Congressional Committee top top the Inaugural Ceremonies (JCCIC) concerning all that the physics arrangements the are vital to accommodate this event.


The 20th amendment come the Constitution mentions that the ax of each elected President the the unified States starts at noon top top January 20 that the year adhering to the election. Each president need to take the oath of office prior to assuming the duties of the position.

With the 2021 inauguration the Joseph R. Biden Jr., the oath has been take away 73 different times by the 46 Presidents of the joined States. This numerical discrepancy outcomes chiefly from 2 factors: a president should take the oath in ~ the start of each term the office, and, due to the fact that Inauguration Day has actually sometimes fallen on a Sunday, four Presidents (Hayes <1877>, Wilson <1917>, Eisenhower <1957>, and also Reagan <1985>) have actually taken the oath privately before the public inaugural ceremonies. In addition, chairman Arthur take it the oath privately following the death of chairman Garfield and again two days later in the Capitol. Grover Cleveland is thought about the 22nd and also 24th presidents, having served 2 nonconsecutive state (1885-1889 and 1893-1897).

The oaths administered to date have to be taken place in the adhering to locations:

U.S. Capitol (55 occasions)East Portico — 34Hall the the home of to represent — 6Senate chamber — 3West prior — 9East front of initial Senate wing — 1President"s Room — 1Rotunda — 1Vice President"s Room — 1White residence — 6Old Brick Capitol (1st & A Sts., N.E.; site of present Supreme Court Building) — 1Washington, D.C. (not in Capitol or White House) — 2Outside Washington, D.C. — 7

Key historic Dates and also Details

Presidential Inaugurals

Read around Vice Presidential Inaugurations here.

2000s



DatePresidentNotes
January 20, 2021Joseph R. Biden Jr. 
January 20, 2017Donald J. Trump 
January 21, 2013Barack Obama 
January 20, 2009Barack Obama 
January 20, 2005George W. Bush 
January 20, 2001George W. BushFirst time that a former president (George H.W. Bush) attended your son"s inauguration as president.

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DatePresidentNotes
January 20, 1997William J. ClintonFirst time the the consciousness was broadcast live top top the Internet.First inaugural that dropped on the boy name Luther King Jr. Holiday.
January 20, 1993William J. Clinton 
January 20, 1989George H.W. Bush 
January 20, 1985 & January 21, 1985Ronald ReaganFirst time that the oath to be taken in the Rotunda.First inaugural that dropped on a Super key Sunday.The scriptures was put on a marble-topped table the was developed for the 2nd inaugural that Abraham Lincoln. The table was built with an iron baluster actors for the Capitol dome in the 1860"s.First time a tv camera was inserted inside the president"s limousine indigenous the Capitol come the White House.
January 20, 1981Ronald ReaganOutdoor band concert was held on the West former lawn top top the day prior to the inaugural.First inaugural organized on the West Terrace the the Capitol.First time the room EF-100 was offered as a hold room.First closed-captioning of television broadcast for the hear impaired.First post-inaugural luncheon organized in Statuary Hall.Post-inaugural luncheon was partly televised.Nine inaugural balls to be held.First time that an inaugural sphere was held in a legislative structure (Rayburn house Office Building).Balls to be transmitted by satellite come 32 ballroom sites across the country.
January 20, 1977Jimmy CarterFolding chairs rather of wood benches were offered on the east Plaza.Used an old family Bible; second Bible top top lectern had actually been offered at inauguration that George Washington.At Carter"s request, the traditional inaugural luncheon was not held.First president to walk every the method from the Capitol to the White house with their family members after ceremony.First time the an outgoing chairman left native the Capitol Grounds plank a helicopter.Solar warm was offered in the reviewing stand.Provisions were made for the handicapped to clock the parade.
August 4, 1974Gerald R. FordFirst unelected vice president to i think the presidency.First vice president to i think the presidency under the provisions of the 25th Amendment come the Constitution, which states that, top top the resignation that the president, the vice chairman shall end up being president.
January 20, 1973Richard M. Nixon 
January 20, 1969Richard M. NixonOnly persons through special invitations to the ceremony to be admitted come the Capitol Grounds.Two Bibles were supplied in the inauguration; they were family members heirlooms, dated 1928 and 1873.
January 20, 1965Lyndon B. JohnsonFirst time that a push gallery was installed on the Capitol Grounds.First use of a bullet-proofed, closeup of the door limousine.
November 22, 1963Lyndon B. JohnsonFirst time that the oath to be administered in an plane (Air pressure One, a Boeing 707, at Love ar in Dallas, Texas).First time the the oath to be administered by a woman, sarah T. Hughes, U.S. District Judge that the north District of Texas.
January 20, 1961John F. KennedyFirst president to it is in inaugurated top top the extended eastern Front.First time the a speak of the house administered the oath that office come the vice president. (Previously the oath had actually been given by either the President pro tempore that the Senate, the ex-Vice President, or a United says Senator.)First time a poet, Robert Frost, participated in the official ceremonies in ~ the Capitol. (See main program.)First time the both parental of the president-elect attended your son"s inauguration.As the first Catholic elected president, Kennedy was the very first to use a Catholic (Douay) variation of the holy bible for their oath.First inaugural parade for which military flame throwers were provided to clear snow from Pennsylvania Avenue.First illustration of the Air force Academy band in the parade.First time the the parade was televised in shade (NBC).First inauguration commemorated with 5 balls.Last president to wear traditional stovepipe hat to the inauguration.
January 20, 1957 & January 21, 1957Dwight D. EisenhowerFirst time the a president to be inaugurated because that a term restricted by the structure (22nd Amendment).First presidential luncheon, held in the Old supreme Court room (S-228) in the Capitol.
January 20, 1953Dwight D. EisenhowerBroke through custom through reciting their own improvised prayer instead of kissing the Bible.A presidential choice made homburgs one inaugural must, displacing classic black toppers.
January 20, 1949Harry S. TrumanFirst inauguration to be televised.
April 12, 1945Harry S. Truman 
January 20, 1945Franklin D. RooseveltFirst and only time a president was inaugurated for a fourth term. (The 22nd Amendment come the Constitution, validated in 1951, restricts the presidency to 2 terms.)
January 20, 1941Franklin D. RooseveltFirst chairman to take it the oath that office because that a third term.
January 20, 1937Franklin D. RooseveltFirst chairman to be inaugurated on the January 20th date, a adjust made by the 20th Amendment to the Constitution.First time the angry president-elect to be inaugurated out-of-doors on the exact same platform through the president-elect. No vice-presidential attend to was given.
March 4, 1933Franklin D. Roosevelt 
March 4, 1929Herbert HooverFirst inaugural to be tape-recorded by a talking newsreel.
March 4, 1925Calvin CoolidgeFirst time an ex-president (William Taft) administered the oath the office together Chief Justice.First inaugural come be broadcast nationally by radio.
August 3, 1923Calvin CoolidgeOath that office given by the president"s father, a vermouth Justice that the Peace.
March 4, 1921Warren G. HardingFirst chairman to ride to and from their inaugural in one automobile.First usage of loudspeakers at an inaugural.First use of the steel-framed inaugural stand the was provided until 1981.
March 4, 1917 & march 5, 1917Woodrow WilsonBroke the criterion by taking the oath top top a Sunday.First time that the oath has been taken privately in the President"s Room in ~ the Capitol.First time that floodlights (as opposed to momentary searchlights) were offered to illuminate the Capitol dome during an inaugural.First time that females participated in the inaugural parade.
March 4, 1913Woodrow WilsonThe classic inaugural round was suspended.
March 4, 1909William H. TaftFirst time the a president"s mam rode v her husband in the procession from the Capitol to the White House.First usage of an auto in one inaugural parade (President Taft was no an occupant).First time that the dome was illuminated; temporary searchlights were used.
March 4, 1905Theodore RooseveltFirst time the telephones were mounted on the Capitol Grounds because that an inaugural.

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September 14, 1901Theodore Roosevelt 
March 4, 1901William McKinleyFirst time the the home of representatives was allowed to join with the Senate in making arrangements because that the inaugural.