Condoleezza Rice was nominated for Secretary of by George W. Shrub on November 14, 2004, and assumed office top top January 26, 2005. She served for four years, leaving the place on January 20, 2009. She was the first African-American woman to offer as Secretary the


Rise to Prominence

Rice to be born ~ above November 14, 1954, in Birmingham, Alabama. She earned her bachelor of arts in political science in 1974 from the college of Denver, her master"s degree in political science from the university of Notre Dame in 1975, and her doctorate in political scientific research from the Graduate institution of global Studies at the college of Denver in 1981.

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After her graduation, Rice embraced a place at Stanford university as a professor of political science. In 1987 she served as an torture to the share Chiefs that Staff, and also in 1989 was appointed director of Soviet and also East european Affairs on the nationwide Security Council.

Rice went back to Stanford in 1991 and also from 1993 until 1999 she offered as Stanford"s Provost.

In 2001 she was appointed national Security torture by chairman George W. Bush, and succeeded Colin Powell as Secretary the in 2005.

Influence on U.S. Diplomacy

As Secretary that, Rice supported the expansion of autonomous governments, and championed the idea that "Transformational Diplomacy," i beg your pardon sought come redistribute U.S. Diplomats to locations of serious social and political trouble, attend to such worries as disease, drug smuggling and also human trafficking, and reemphasize assist through the creation of the position of director of foreign Assistance.

Rice helped efficiently negotiate several agreements in the center East, consisting of Israeli tap the money from and also the opened of the Gaza border crossings in 2005 and also the august 14, 2006 ceasefire between Israel and Hezbollah forces in Lebanon. Rice organized the Annapolis Conference the November 27, 2007, which concentrated on finding a equipment to the Israeli-Palestinian problem.

Rice likewise worked actively to improve person rights concerns in Iran and supported the i of a United nations Security council Resolution because that sanctions versus the country unless its uranium enrichment regime was curtailed.

Another major concern for Rice was North Korea"s nuclear program, and also its subsequent trial and error of a nuclear weapon. Rice was firmly against holding bilateral talks v North Korea, return she invited their joining in the 6 Party Talks in between China, Japan, Russia, north Korea, south Korea, and also the unified priziv.orgs.

In October 2008, among Rice"s most successful negotiations came to fruition, through the signing of the U.S.-India commitment for Cooperation worrying Peaceful uses of Nuclear energy (123 Agreement), i m sorry would enable civil nuclear trade between the 2 countries.

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Shortly after she term together Secretary the finished in January 2009, she announced plan to write a book about her diplomatic career. Rice was flourished as Secretary that by former first Lady and brand-new York councilor Hillary Rodham Clinton.