With his speculative aircraft, chuck Yeager paved the method for the faster airplanes and also supersonic armed forces flights the have come to be routine.

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After test pilot chuck Yeager became the first man to rest the sound barrier, he confessed come the extremely un-Yeager-like feel of fear.

“I was scared,” he composed in a memoir, “knowing that plenty of of my colleagues believed I was doomed to be blasted to pieces by one invisible brick wall surface in the sky. Yet I noticed the the quicker I got, the smoother the ride. Suddenly, the Mach needle started to fluctuate, then tipped ideal off the scale.”

For 18 secs on Oct. 14, 1947, Yeager to be supersonic — a emotion he later on likened to “a poke through Jell-O.” The achievement made Yeager one aeronautic legend — “the foremost in the Olympus,” follow to author Tom Wolfe, “the most righteous of every the possessors the the appropriate stuff.”

Yeager, who pertained to personify the coolheaded flyboy and also whose wisecracking West Virginia twang ended up being a conventional accessory for generations that pilots to come, died Monday, his wife, Victoria Yeager, claimed on Twitter. He was 97.


While Yeager walk on to command an Air force training regime for astronauts, his supersonic mission was “about being able to make an aircraft go faster and faster, particularly for combat reasons,” F. Robert valve der Linden, chairman the the aeronautics room at the Smithsonian’s nationwide Air and space Museum, claimed in a 2013 time interview.

When people War II fighter planes approached supersonic speed throughout dives, pilots frequently lost control since of “compressibility” — a phenomenon that buffeted your craft v shock waves and rendered your controls terrifyingly useless. Through his experimental Bell X-1 — the bright-orange, bullet-shaped “Glamorous Glennis” — Yeager helped solve those problems, paving the way for much faster airplanes and supersonic army flights that have end up being routine.

Famously unflappable, Yeager braved danger an initial in combat and also then on the fringes of space, making it through a horrendous 1963 crash that later described in his autobiography “Yeager,” created with writer Leo Janos.

As his aircraft plunged the end of manage over the Mojave Desert, Yeager was “spinning down like a document on a turntable,” dropping native an altitude of around 20 mile to 5 miles in minutes.

With properties understatement, he composed in his 1985 memoir that he to be “feeling kind of hopeless around this ride.”

When he lastly ejected, his seat became entangled in his parachute lines and also smashed his faceplate. Red-hot debris ignited the oxygen flowing right into his helmet and engulfed his head in flames. Severely burned, Yeager slammed top top the desert floor v his charred parachute and also was assisted by a male in a pickup truck.

He “looked in ~ me, then looked away,” Yeager wrote. “My face was burned meat. Ns asked if I could borrow his penknife. I provided the knife to reduced away the glove. Component of two melted fingers came v it.”

Yeager shed two fingertips and also was hospitalized with other injuries for nearly a month, one ordeal the later defined as “getting far cheap.”


Born Feb. 13, 1923, Charles Elwood Yeager prospered up in the tiny Appalachian town of Hamlin, W. Va. His father, Albert Hal Yeager, mined coal and also later drilled gas wells.

Yeager had an affinity for machinery yet not much for the classroom. After ~ graduating native high college in 1941, that enlisted in the military Air Forces and was trained together a mechanic.

His very first airplane ride to be inauspicious.

“I take it a spin v a maintain officer,” the recalled. “I threw up everywhere the place.”

Yeager short the college level required because that officer and pilot training; but, through the begin of world War II, the military offered fighter-pilot training come enlisted men. Through his remarkable eyesight and also an intuitive grasp of aeronautical engineering, Yeager to be accepted.

In 1944, he to be flying combat objectives from a basic in England. Piloting a P-51 Mustang, he shot under his first enemy aircraft on march 4. The following day, Yeager was shot under over Bordeaux, in populated France.

Despite leg and head wounds, he averted German patrols, eventually joining up v the Maquis, a French Resistance group. After ~ an arduous trek end the snowy Pyrenees — and also a run-in v a German patrol that left his companion severely injured — Yeager escaped right into Spain and eventually make it ago to England.

Because the the opportunity that they could be shot under again and also tortured right into revealing secrets around the Resistance, pilots that escaped native France were not an alleged to go back to combat. However Yeager wanted back in and pleaded his situation to every officer he might find, consisting of the supreme Allied Commander, Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower.

Eisenhower, impressed through someone that turned under a chance to walk home, gave Yeager his wish. By VE Day, he had actually taken part in downing 13 adversary planes — one of the highest totals in the war. On one day alone, he to be responsible because that knocking 5 German Messerschmitt-109 fighters out of the skies end Bremen.

Returning home in 1945, he married Glennis Faye Dickhouse, whom he had actually met a few years earlier when she was organizing USO dances in Oroville, Calif. Even prior to their marriage, he referred to as his airplane one variant or one more of “Glamorous Glennis.”

Because the his native skills in the cockpit, the military overlooked Yeager’s lack of engineering credentials and also selected that to test fighter planes, mostly at Muroc dried Lake, a desolate, dust-blown desert base north the Lancaster.

“Even though he short a college education, the didn’t do a lick that difference,” said the Smithsonian’s valve der Linden, who, with his Smithsonian colleague Dom Pisano, wrote a 2006 history, “Chuck Yeager and also the Bell X-1: breaking the Sound Barrier.”

“Yeager had an inherent understanding that all things mechanical, and engineers top top the ground really chosen that,” valve der Linden said. “They construed him, and he taken them. They spoke the very same language.”

In 1947, Yeager was chosen to pilot the rocket-powered Bell X-1 aircraft in an initiative to break the sound barrier.

Others had actually tried the before. Brother pilot Geoffrey de Havilland Jr. Passed away in 1946 once his experimental airplane disintegrated at Mach .94. Mach, the rate of sound, varies through atmospheric conditions and altitude. It is around 761 mph at sea level.

Early tests v the X-1 in ~ Muroc were no encouraging. Carried aloft by a B-29 bomber and set loose to paris an arcing path right into the stratosphere, the aircraft would start shaking “like a automobile with bad shock absorbers” as it approached Mach 1, Yeager reported.

But the test continued, afford ever-faster speeds. Top top Oct. 12, 1947, ~ a trip that pushed the optimal speed come Mach .96, test engineers made decision to try for Mach .97 two days later.

Before the attempt, Yeager was an alleged to rest.

In those days, Florence Lowe, a onetime san Marino socialite who’d end up being a desert rat and adjusted her called to Pancho Barnes, was running a bar, restaurant and also motel near Muroc called the paris Inn.

A hangout because that young check pilots, it drew Yeager and Glennis on the night of Oct. 12.

“Yeager didn’t walk to Pancho’s and also knock ago a few because the big test was coming up,” Wolfe wrote. “No, he knocked earlier a couple of because, in keeping with the military heritage of flying and drinking, that was what you did if you to be a pilot at Muroc and the sun went down.”

Riding ~ above horseback through Glennis in the dark, Yeager crashed right into a gate and also broke two ribs. In pain, he had himself tape-recorded up by a veterinary friend, who pledged to store the mishap secret.

Two job later, Yeager to be strapped within the X-1. Since of the rib fractures, his activity was restricted but he managed to near the cockpit hatch with a chunk of broomstick an technician friend had sawed turn off for that purpose.

In a couple of minutes, the 31-foot-long X-1 to be dropped native the bomber and Yeager fired up its rocket engines, introducing a brand-new era in flight. Yeager hit Mach 1.07, or around 700 mph.

With Cold war secrecy, the wait Force, which had only freshly been created, would certainly not confirm reports that Yeager’s feat for eight months. Fame would certainly come later, peaking v the 1983 film version of Wolfe’s 1979 book, “The ideal Stuff.” actor Sam Shepard illustrated Yeager, and Yeager self played Fred, a bartender at Pancho’s saloon.

Flights of new and experimental aircraft continued at the Muroc facility — change the name Edwards Air force Base in 1949. Yeager’s renown grew, his honors piled up, and the promotions, ultimately to brigadier general, preserved coming.

Along the way, he shed command of a fighter squadron ~ his pilots trashed a bar in Aviano, Italy, in 1959. His career regained momentum once he ran the Aerospace study Pilots institution at Edwards, cultivate the an initial of the astronauts. He later on directed a fighter soup in Vietnam.

In 1975, at age 52, he retirement from the wait Force.

After that, he hunted and also fished and also did TV commercials, most notably because that A.C. Delco batteries.

He additionally did a little an ext flying, a couple of times at speed exceeding his 1947 record. In 2012, top top the 65th anniversary the his breakout performance, he was again in a aircraft that shattered the sound barrier, paris to Mach 1.4 v a pilot indigenous Nellis Air pressure Base in Nevada. Yeager to be 89 in ~ the time.

From time come time, insurance claims surface of various other pilots break the sound obstacle before Yeager. None of the claims were ever before verified, valve der Linden said.

In 1990, Glennis died. Thirteen year later, that married Victoria Scott D’Angelo, a former actress. Castle met on a long trail close to his home in penn Valley, a little town in California’s gold Country.

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The marriage embittered Yeager’s four grown children, who in litigation actors D’Angelo as a gold-digger. Yeager filed action of his own, contending he had the appropriate to manage his very own legal and also financial affairs and also that his daughter Susan, who co-managed a family members trust v him, had actually overstepped she authority by selling home without his consent.