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Albert Potter (1903-1937) Eastside new York, between 1931 and 1935. Woodcut print. Ben and Beatrice Goldstein structure Collection. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of congress (67)




You are watching: First they came for the migrants

In the century covering the years 1820 v 1924, an significantly steady circulation of Jews do their method to America, culminating in a massive surge of immigrants in the direction of the beginning of the twentieth century. Impelled by financial hardship, persecution, and the great social and political upheavals of the nineteenth century--industrialization, overpopulation, and also urbanization--millions that Europe"s Jews left their towns and villages and embarked ~ above the arduous trip to the "Golden Land" of America.

In the very first half the the nineteenth century, Jewish immigrants came mostly, though not exclusively, from main Europe. In addition to settling in new York, Philadelphia, and also Baltimore, groups of German-speaking Jews do their method to Cincinnati, Albany, Cleveland, Louisville, Minneapolis, St. Louis, new Orleans, san Francisco, and also dozens of little towns across the joined States. Throughout this duration there to be an almost hundred-fold increase in America"s Jewish population from some 3,000 in 1820 come as plenty of as 300,000 in 1880.

Between 1881 and 1924, the migration shifted from central Europe eastward, with over two-and- one-half million eastern European Jews pushed from their indigenous lands through persecution and also the lack of financial opportunity. Many of those that arrived as component of this huge influx resolved in cities whereby they clustered in districts close come downtowns, joined the working class, speak Yiddish, and built solid networks the cultural, spiritual, voluntary, and also social organizations. This period of immigration concerned an finish with the passage of restrictive legislations in 1921 and also 1924. Jewish emigration from east Europe to the joined States never ever again reached the levels that it did prior to 1920.


This miniature daily prayer book was printed in Germany in 1842, "especially because that travelers by sea to the country of America." the is the an initial of 3 editions the this small prayer publication published in between 1840 and 1860--a period when Jews from German lands immigrated to this nation in the tens-of-thousands. Between 1840 and also 1860 the Jewish population of this country ballooned indigenous 15,000 come 150,000. Politics unrest and also economic hardship were main motivating factors for this migration.


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Deed come the Statue that Liberty


This deed, date July 4, 1884, point out the presentation of frederic Auguste Bartholdi"s colossal statue, "Statue that Liberty Enlightening the World" to the civilization of the United claims from the "people of the Republic the France . . . Attesting to your abiding friendship." In 1886, the Statue the Liberty was put up on that pedestal at Bedloe"s Island in new York Harbor. At the inauguration ceremony on October 28, president Grover Cleveland embraced the frostbite on instead of of the American people, promising, "we will not forget the Liberty has actually here made her home; nor shall her preferred altar be neglected."





Long Live the soil of the Free





Irving Berlin"s miss Liberty




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Food will Win the War!


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This drawing by wilhelm Allen Rogers depicts the shops, street peddlers, and bustling street life the Boston"s Jewish quarter at the turn of the twentieth century. The drawing shown an write-up by Sylvester Baxter licensed has been granted "Boston at Century"s End," which showed up in Harper"s Magazine.



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See more: Even On My Darkest Days Quotes, Dark Days Quotes

Lewis Hine (1874-1940) Waiting for the “Forwards”-Jewish file at 1 A.M. brand-new York, march 1913 Gelatin silver publish from photographic album Prints and also Photographs Division, Library of conference (58)


Jewish women consisted of the majority of workers in the garment industry, especially in the dress and also shirtwaist trade. Bad working conditions, low wages, and also frequent layoffs propelled plenty of into the global Ladies" Garment workers Union. On march 25, 1911, 146 garment workers shed their lives in the Triangle Shirtwaist manufacturing facility fire in new York"s Greenwich Village. Countless were trapped inside due to the fact that the escape exits had been priziv.orgked to store the girl in and also the union organizers out. The fire to be one of brand-new York"s worst industrial accidents and was extended by newspapers throughout the nation, consisting of the Oklahoma State Capital, which is displayed here.