The head the the academy the awards the Nobel Prizes in science has said it will certainly not introduce sex quotas.

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Goran Hansson, head the the royal Swedish Academy the Sciences, claimed they want civilization to success "because they do the most important discovery".

Maria Ressa was the just woman honoured this year. Marie Curie to be the an initial woman to gain the compensation - and remains the just woman to acquire it twice.

"It's sad the there are so couple of women Nobel laureates and also it reflects the unfair conditions in society, specifically in years past, yet still existing. And there's for this reason much an ext to do," mr Hansson said the AFP news agency.

"We have chose we will certainly not have quotas for gender or ethnicity," he said, adding that the decision to be "in line v the heart of Alfred Nobel's last will".

Swedish industrialist and chemist Alfred Nobel established the prizes in his will, created in 1895 - a year prior to his death.

Image source, EPA

"In the end, us will offer the compensation to those who are discovered the many worthy, those who have made the most important contributions," that said.

And while much more women space being recognised now compared to ahead decades, mr Hansson said, the number was increasing "from a very low level".

"Keep in mind the only about 10% of the professors in organic sciences in west Europe or phibìc America room women, and even reduced if you walk to eastern Asia," that said.

However, the scientist claimed they would certainly "make sure that we have an increasing part of women researchers being invited to nominate, and we will proceed to make certain we have actually women on ours committees - however we require help, and culture needs to aid here".

"We require different mindsets to women going right into sciences... So that they get a opportunity to make these discoveries that space being awarded," he added.


Nobel compensation in numbers

Statistics from 1901 come 2021

975Nobel laureates (947 people, 28 organisations)

17Age that the youngest winner, Malala Yousafzai, that was vested the Nobel tranquility Prize in 2014

97Age the the oldest winner, man B Goodenough, that was awarded Nobel prize in Chemistry in 2019

59Prizes winner by 58 women

6Declined the compensation - including 4 who were compelled by their native nations to turn it down

Source: Nobel compensation website

Last year, scientists Emmanuelle Charpentier and also Jennifer Doudna ended up being the first two ladies to re-publishing the honour when they to be awarded the Nobel compensation in Chemistry for developing the devices to edit DNA.

It was the an initial time any of the scientific research prizes had actually been vested to two women there is no a male collaborator also detailed on the award.

At the time, Prof Charpentier said: "I wish the this will administer a hopeful message particularly for young girls that would like to follow the path of science... And also to display them that ladies in scientific research can likewise have an affect with the research they space performing."

She included that there was "a clear absence of interest in complying with a scientific path, i beg your pardon is really worrying".

Other notable women to have actually won the award encompass child education and learning activist Malala Yousafzai, that was jointly awarded the peace prize in 2014; virologist Françoise Barré-Sinoussi, who discovered HIV and also was forgive the Nobel prize in Physiology or medication in 2008; and Toni Morrison, whose work explored the harsh realities that racism in the US, won the Nobel prize for literature in 1993.

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Marie Curie was the very first woman to victory the Nobel Prize, winning the Physics award in 1903. She was likewise the very first person, and remains the just woman, to have won multiple Nobel Prizes, after ~ winning the Nobel prize in Chemistry in 1911.

Medicine: David Julius and also Ardem PatapoutianPhysics: Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann and Giorgio ParisiChemistry: Benjamin List and David MacMillanLiterature: Abdulrazak GurnahPeace: Maria Ressa and Dmitry MuratovEconomics: David Card, Joshua Angrist and Guido Imbens