Location

The an excellent Salt Lake is located in northern Utah, and also is the biggest lake in the western united States. The is the 6th biggest lake if you incorporate the northeast an ar of the joined States. This huge lake spans across five counties consisting of Box Elder, Weber, Davis, Salt Lake, and Tooele. It deserve to be seen from both freeways I-80 and also I-15. Most occupants of Utah live close come the lake. The majority of Utahns know tiny about the good Salt Lake, other than it smells.

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Fish Species

Brine Shrimp space wildly numerous in the an excellent Salt Lake. Just around any Utah resident deserve to tell girlfriend that. What most people don"t understand is over there is a an excellent population that fish in and around the lake. Because of the salinity level in the lake, it is an overwhelming for fish to survive there. Back under the right conditions fish perform live in the lake. Several types of fish acquire washed downstream into the good Salt Lake every year. Huge rivers such as the Bear, Weber, Ogden, and also Jordan circulation into the lake. Throughout heavy runoff times new water will certainly mix with the lake providing a short term ecosystem for fish come live in. Ago in the 1980"s fish lived in some bays because that years at a time. Then the salinity level raised, which killed most the fish.There are some ponds and also springs attached come the lake which contain fish year around. Locomotive Springs is located on the north tip of the lake. That is made up of Sparks, Spring, turn off Spring, Teal Spring, Bar M Spring, Baker Spring, and also West Locomotive Spring. About half of this springs contain carp, and also a few are stocked on regular basis with rainbow trout and Least Chub. The fresh feather water mixes through the great Salt Lake. The trout hang the end in the new waters that the springs, but the carp and also Least Chub will certainly swim down farther into the braided water. On the southern pointer of the lake room the I-80 base ponds. This ponds are situated next to the city hall area, whereby highway 201 and also Interstate 80 meet. In the beforehand 2000"s, there to be some vast bass in the I-80 ponds; although when word obtained out the tiny ponds were quickly over fished. In 2018 rotenone poisoning was applied to the Bear river Bay marshes. There to be a great population that carp the was being removed. The Utah record catch of Carp was recorded here in 1960 and also weighed 30 lbs. This document wasn"t broken for 33 years. Below is an post from 1986 around some fish that were making it through in the lake.


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Antelope Island

There is a little pond on Antelope Island the is stocked with least chub. The fish to be stocked in 2004, and also lived for number of years until a drought. Then in 2011 the the very least Chub to be stocked in Garden Creek. I m sorry is a more drought resistant part of Antelope Island.

Willard Bay

In 1949, councilor Arthur V Watkins and Representative Walter Granger passed the Weber basin Project through Congress. Part of that task was the creation of fresh water reservoir, Willard bay Reservoir. In 1957, a huge portion of the good Salt Lake was drained and construction began. A dam which to be 36 feet high and 15 miles long was perfect in 1964. The Weber and also Ogden rivers flowed into the bay, moving freshwater and more importantly fish. Plans room being arisen now to enlarge the reservoir.

Brine Shrimp (Artemia sp)

Brine shrimp is a multi-million disagreement fishing market on the good Salt Lake. The mrs Brine shrimp have the capability to create both live young or eggs. I beg your pardon is pretty awesome. In warmer months when there is an ext food live young are born. In the colder months eggs room hatched, i beg your pardon are called cysts. The cysts are then built up by commercial fisherman. Once processed and also dried, the cysts can last up to number of years at a time. Then as soon as they"re presented to water, they spring to life. If friend have ever purchased sea monkeys, this is what you experience. Many of the brine shrimp cysts become food because that fish and shrimp farms. They gain shipped all over the world.

Geography

In 1904, a railroad leg was built throughout the lake. This ran native the east near Ogden to the west side of the state. In the 1950"s, the bridge recorded on fire and was replaced with a causeway. The causeway was made indigenous dirt and rock.This be separate the north and also south locations of the lake, i m sorry we contact arms. Most of the freshwater coming into the lake empties in the south arm. The southerly arm the the lake has actually a salinity level of about 11 to 12 percent. This way that 11% that the water is salt or salt chloride. In to compare the ocean has actually a salinity level of about 3.4%. The northern arm the the lake has a salinity level in between 25 come 30 percent. Because of very tiny fresh water coming right into the phibìc arm. Therefore in so late 2016, the causeway separating the 2 arms was opened. The causeway breach caused water to circulation from the greater south eight to the phibìc arm. Water level in the phibìc arm had actually dropped by more than 3 feet before the breach.

Pollution

The great Salt Lake has a long history of pollution. Because that years, sewage has actually been dumped right into the water. Among the biggest polluters the the lake was Magcorp, located on the west shores of the good Salt Lake. Magcorp has actually been named the height air polluter in the United claims multiple times. After numerous lawsuits, the owner, Ira Rennert stole a bunch the money indigenous the company. Then the agency couldn"t salary it"s fines for polluting. Climate he simply re-opened the under a new name of US-Magnesium. If you take it the Skull Valley exit from federal government 80 and also head phibìc you will run into the facility. It"s easy to tell which employee have functioned for the firm for a few years; the paint on their vehicles is peeling off due to pollution. The lake also has exceptionally high levels of mercury. Due to both mining pollution and naturally developing mercury.

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The Future

Since 1847, the water level the the lake has shrunk in half. Since 2011, the lake has actually shrunk through 40%. This is mostly as result of dam"s being built on the rivers that circulation into it. With much less water flowing right into the lake, salinity levels will certainly increase. This will have a large impact on the ecosystem. Enhanced salinity will impact the shrimp. Thousands of birds rely on the shrimp together a meal while they migrate across the lake. If the lake dry"s increase it might have a significant impact on neighborhood ski resorts. The snapshot below to be taken close to the the town hall area top top I-80. No long back this area was full of water. Now even in the spring time when the snow melts, this area is dry.


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