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A frilled shark uncovered by a Japanese fisherman in 2007. Awashima maritime Park/Getty pictures through its grisly appearance, the frilled shark is an instance of a "living fossil," one extant animal whose appearance has actually not developed much through the millennia. The ax can additionally apply to creatures the have few or no close enduring relatives.

You are watching: Fish that live at the bottom of the sea

What"s many unusual about this prehistoric-looking predator, i m sorry is endemic come the Atlantic and also Pacific Oceans, is the means it reproduces. In other mammal species, embryos space nourished via a placenta. However, frilled shark embryos acquire energy indigenous yolk sacs and mothers only provide birth as soon as their offspring are capable of surviving on their own.

Growing upto 7 feet long, frilled sharks generally prey top top squid. They"ve likewise been known to feeding on fish — and also even various other sharks.

Hagfish are known for your repulsive feeding habits: doing not have jaws, they consume the decaying carcasses of other sea creatures by burrowing into them with tooth-like structures.


Hagfish feed on the decaying carcasses of other sea creatures. Paul Bersebach/MediaNews Group/Orange County it is registered via Getty photos

There are approximated to it is in 76 species of hagfish — and some live as deep as 5,500 feet below the water"s surface. They are also known together slime eels due to the fact that of the goop your bodies create to ward off predators.

Scientists calculation that there space 76 species of hagfish, i m sorry can flourish to be in between 16 and also 40 inch long. Some live as deep together 5,600 feet below the water"s surface.

The Atlantic wolffish is a predatory types characterized by a mouth complete of sharp, canine-like teeth.


The Atlantic wolffish. myLoupe/Universal Images team via Getty photos

A predatory types that feeds top top hard-bodied or spiny invertebrates choose sea urchins and large marine snails, this creature is not aggressive towards human beings unless provoked.

You"ll discover the Atlantic wolffish, which can grow up to five feet long, in the phibìc Atlantic and also Arctic Oceans. Preferring colder water, it stays at depths ranging from 328 feet come 1,640 feet.

With that lengthy, eel-like body, this fish is likewise known as a wolf eel.


Goblin Shark caught in NSW Australia. Fairfax Media via Getty pictures

You can identify goblin sharks — a rare, bottom-dwelling types — through the shape of their snouts, which are elongated and also flattened.

With 50 teeth in your mouths, these gruesome creatures command attention.

Interestingly, mrs goblin sharks are bigger in adulthood than the males of the species. Females deserve to be a preferably of 11 inch long, if males grow to be an average length of 8.66 inches.

This crab is discovered in the Pacific s at depth of 160 come 2,000 feet. Sandy Huffaker/Corbis via Getty photos

Native come the Pacific Ocean, the Japanese spider crab grows up to 15 inches wide and weighs approximately 44 pounds. It"s among the largest known arthropods, a group of invertebrate animals that also includes lobsters, spiders, and also insects.

The vampire squid's scientific name, Vampyroteuthis infernalis, means "vampire octopus from hell."

A red vampire squid. 2004 MBARI

In Latin, the surname of this cephalopod — i beg your pardon is neither a squid no one an octopus — is even an ext sinister. Its scientific name, Vampyroteuthis infernalis,means "vampire octopus from hell."

But the vampire squid, discovered in the inky depths of themesopelagic zone (about 3,300 feet listed below the ocean"s surface), is gentler 보다 its appellation indicates. Unlike its namesake, that doesn"t feed on blood. Instead, this creature subsists on"marine snow," disc organic product that drops to the s floor — kind of favor the dead leaves that litter forests.

The anglerfish is most famed for the bioluminescent expansion on that head, i beg your pardon lures prey to that death.

over there are more than 200 varieties of anglerfish. Matt Cardy/Getty images

The anglerfish, possibly one of the world"s ugliest creatures, is most famous for the bioluminescent expansion on its head, i m sorry lures food to its death at the the lightless bottom the the ocean.

However, there aremore than 200 speciesof anglerfish,divided into four groups: goosefish, batfish, frogfish, and also deep-sea angler. Only females possess the iconic, bioluminescent angling apparatus. Many live in ~ the bottom of the Atlantic and also Antarctic Oceans, periodically as much as a mile listed below the surface.

A grenadier aka rattail. 2002 MBARI

There are around 300 types of grenadiers, a large-headed fish uncovered in warm and temperate waters.

Due to their long, tapered bodies, these rodent-like creatures are better known as "rat-tails."

Pointy-nosed blue chimaera. 2007 MBARI

Like sharks and rays, the ghoulish chimaera is a kind of cartilaginous fish. It also bears one uncanny resemblance to Zero, the dog native "The Nightmare before Christmas."

Inhabiting temperate to cold waters around the world, chimera live atdepths that 8,200 feet or more. Over there are around 47 species, which selection in length from 24 to 80 inches.

Archaeological evidence has proven that chimera have actually been about for millions of years. The more quickly fossil specimen, a skull, to be dated to about 280 million years ago. It was discovered in southern Africa in the 1980s.

The sarcastic fringehead is a pipe blenny, a fish the burrows in small structures produced by various other creatures.

A sarcastic fringehead. Julian Gunther/Shutterstock

Native come the northeast Pacific Ocean close to California and Baja California, the sarcastic fringehead is a sort of tube blenny, a kind of tiny fish the burrows in tube-like structures developed by various other creatures.

Sarcastic fringeheads mainly gorge on ink eggs, however scientists think that the males" overlapping mouths might impede ~ above their capacity to feed.

The barreleye, likewise known together a spook fish, has very light-sensitive eyes on the peak of the fluid-filled head.

A barreleye fish. 2004 MBARI.

The barreleye was first described in 1939, but remained a secret to researchers until 2009, when they discovered that its large, tubular eyes might actually turn inside of its head. This rotational capability allows them come look upward for potential prey or face forward to see what the is eating.

Since barreleyes live at such depths where there is hardly any kind of light, their tubular eyes assist them use everything faint amounts of light drift down to them. They likewise have 2 spots over their mouths i m sorry are referred to as nares, analogous to human nostrils.

The first faceless cusk was uncovered in 1874. Fishes of Australia

Like Dementors that the fish world, these eels don"t have actually a face.

Almost 4 years ago, Australian researchers uncovered a faceless cusk an tremendous 13,000 feet below the water"s surface. Exploration leaderDr. Tim O"Hara that Australia"s museums Victoria called the Guardian, "It looks prefer two rear ends ~ above a fish, really."

Apparently that mouth sits underneath the rest of that body, and is "protrusible," definition it extends to record food, and then disappears back inside that its very own body.

Oceanographers plank the HMS Challenger gathered the an initial specimen of the types in 1873, which to be the critical time one was ever seen.

Blobfish have bodies that space less thick than water. Kyodo News Stills via Getty photos

Named the "world"s ugliest animal" in an online poll carried out by a british organization dubbed the Ugly animal Preservation Society, the blobfish belongs to the fathead sculpin family — a team of fish that dwells in the Atlantic, Pacific, and also Indian oceans at depths ranging from 330 to 9,200 feet.

While most fish remain buoyant through the aid of a swimming bladder, blobfish — whose bodies room less dense than water — make use of the ocean itself together a floating mechanism.

The most renowned blobfish, Mr. Blobby, was found in 2003 off the coastline of new Zealand and has inspired every little thing from plush playthings to emoji.Preserved in ethyl alcohol, Mr. Blobby"s final resting place is in ~ the Australian Museum in Sydney.

as well as its fins, it would certainly be straightforward to mistake this fish because that a reptile. Shutterstock

This toothy fella is foundat depths of more than 3,200 feet, and also has to be spotted in Africa between Morocco and also Gabon and also in Europe between Northern Ireland and also the Mediterranean Sea.

Deepsea lizardfish — whose sharp teeth and big mouths come in comfortable for capturing prey ~ above the s floor — can flourish to be an ext than 2 feet long.

Bougainvillia superciliaris. Getty pictures

These bioluminescent sea creatures create their own light in the darkness. They either live solitary resides or in colonies, and eat with filter-feeding.

The slender snipe eel spawns once and then dies. DeAgostini/Getty pictures

The slender snipe eel, among the most compact deep-sea critters, can prosper to a minimum size of four feet, yet weighs no much more than 6 or 7 ounces.

Scientists aren"t entirely sure exactly how this eel catches its prey, but they speculate the the process involves the creature utilizing its beak-like mouth to record food.

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Research also suggests the slender snipes spawn once and also then die. Castle reproduce through a procedure known as broadcast spawning in i beg your pardon female and males respectively release eggs and also sperm into the water tower at the very same time.