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The Flag that the commonwealth of Puerto Rico is rectangle-shaped in shape and also consists that five alternate horizontal stripes, 3 red and also two white, through an isosceles triangle v a five-pointed white star in the center based upon the hoist side. The 3 red stripes represent the blood the nourishes the 3 branches that government, the 2 white stripes represent individual liberty and the civil liberties of male which preserve the balance amongst the three branches the government. The white star to represent the Commonwealth, the blue triangle represents the sky and the ocean, and also the three sides of the triangle stand for the three branches the the Commonwealth’s republican form of government. The flag’s architecture is based upon the Cuban flag v the red and blue color inverted. The the shade of blue provided for the triangle depends on who is asked. One may see flags through the dark blue, such as the flag displayed, a skies blue (“azul celeste”) or royal blue triangle. Over there is no “official” the shade of blue.

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There are three version of the beginning of the Flag of Puerto Rico. It appears to it is in undisputed the the flag to be presented ~ above December 22, 1895 at Chimney room in brand-new York through Juan de Mata Terreforte, a veteran the the “Grito de Lares,” come a team of 59 Puerto Rican exiles who made up the Puerto Rican section of the Cuban Revolutionary Party. Nevertheless, the identity of the human being who proposed the the new Flag of Puerto Rico be similar to the Cuban flag v inverted colour is open up to question.

It is said, however, the the true shade of blue of the flag’s triangle is dark (Navy) blue. Red, white and also dark blue are characteristic that the republican nationwide colors (flags) in Europe during the 19th century, influenced by the tri-color the the first French Republic. The tri-color was in turn influenced through the color of the newly created Republic the the united States. The Cuban flag to be designed in brand-new York by general Narciso López for his failed invasion of Cuba in 1851, the function of which was to annex Cuba come the united States. The blue on the flag was a dark shade. This very first Cuban flag with the dark blue stripes was adopted by the constitutional Assembly i beg your pardon proclaimed the equipped Republic of Cuba in Camagüey in 1869. José Martí used the exact same flag as the flag that the Cuban Revolutionary Party in 1892. Eventually, that flag was designated together the main flag the Cuba in 1903. The blue in every those Cuban flags was navy blue, so the stands to reason that when the flag that Puerto Rico was embraced in 1895 (with the color of the Cuban flag inverted) the triangle’s shade of blue was dark (Navy).

Some suggest, based upon correspondence in between Terreforte and Domingo Collazo, a member the the club Borínquen, affiliated v the Cuban Revolutionary Party, that the idea of inverting the colors of the Cuban flag because that the Flag of Puerto Rico come from Francisco gonzalo (“Pachín”) Marín. Others claim that the idea involved Antonio Vélez-Alvarado, that wrote the “the colors showed up inverted prior to my eye . . . Top top June 11, 1890 or 1891,” and that it “immediately it developed to me that with those colors of the Cuban flag, inverted as I had actually seen them, the Flag of Puerto Rico could be fashioned.” Still another version is that Manuel Besosa, one of the directors of the Puerto Rican section of the Cuban Revolutionary Party, to be the human who proposed the the Flag the Puerto Rico it is in modeled after the Cuban flag, with colors inverted, as soon as Terreforte’s proposal that the Flag the Betances (Grito de Lares Flag) be adopted as the Flag that Puerto Rico was beat by vote of the members of the Directorate that the Puerto Rican section.

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The members the the Directorate then asked for that Besosa create an inverted color flag to be presented to the members that the Puerto Rican section. He in turn asked his daughter, María Manuela (“Mima”) Besosa, come sew the flag. It was this tiny (8-inch through 5-inch) flag the Terreforte gift at Chimney room on December 22, 1895 and there adopted unanimously through the Puerto Rican exiles as the Flag the Puerto Rico.