Spain created the first European case to what is now Texas in 1519 once Cortez involved Mexico, and also Alonzo Alvarez de Pineda mapped the Texas coastline. A couple of shipwrecked Spaniards, prefer Alvar Nunez, Cabeza de Vaca, and explorers such together Coronado, periodically probed the huge wilderness, however the very first Spanish negotiation in Texas – the Ysleta Mission close to present-day El Paso – to be not developed until 1681. Until Mexican independence in 1821, other Spanish missions, forts and civil settlements progressively followed. ~ 1785, the red and also yellow striped Spanish flag portrayed a shield v a lion (Leon) and also a lock (Castile) topped by a crown.

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Texas Under France (1685-1690)


In an attempt to expand west the Louisiana, France in 1685, laid case to east Texas close to the Gulf Coast. Though asserted by Spain, the nearest Spanish settlements were numerous miles away. French nobleman Rene Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle, established a swarm called fort St. Louis. However by 1690 shipwreck, disease, famine, enemy Indians, and also internal strife finishing in La Salle"s killing by one of his own agency doomed the colony and France"s claim. The French flag – actually the royal ensign because that ships and also forts – featured Fleurs-de-lis top top a white field.

Texas Under Mexico (1821-1836)


After mexico independence, pioneers native the spain south and the Anglo north flowed into Texas. A frontier an ar for both, Anglo Texans ended up being Mexican citizens. Tensions arose between the divergent cultures. These came to a head when Mexican general Santa Anna scrapped the Mexican federal constitution and declared himself dictator. Texans revolted and won independence April 21, 1836 at san Jacinto near Houston. Mexico"s flag depicts an eagle, a snake, and cactus on green, white, and also red bars.

Texas as a Republic (1836-1845)


Ten years of independence lugged the Texas Republic epidemics, financial crises and continued clashes v Mexico. however enduring Texas imagery was born in this period: the American cowboy; Texas Rangers with their Colt six-shooters; the rough individualism that Sam Houston. ~ above December 29, 1845, Texas join the united States. The red, white and blue flag through its lone star embraced by the Republic in 1839 became the state flag.

Texas in the Confederacy (1861-1865)


Though branch Sam Houston urged Texans to remain aloof or re-establish a neutral republic once the polite War broke out, that was propelled from office. Texas took the next of the south suffering devastation and economic fallen like various other Confederate states. The "Stars and Bars" presented here was the an initial Confederate flag flown in Texas and also was the South"s nationwide emblem, although a Confederate fight flag v stars on overcome bars is far much better known today.

Texas in the USA (1845-1861, 1865-Present)


Texas became the 28th star on the U.S. Flagwhen it join the Union in 1845. Top top rejoining the Union ~ the civil War and Reconstruction, the "Star Spangled Banner" resumed its place as the national flag the Texas. The Lone Star emblem from the job of the Republic the Texas stays the state flag.

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Original flag photos are from, accessed march 21, 2005. "Flags of Texas," Handbook of Texas online at, accessed march 24, 2005. View also,