Children younger than 5 years old–especially those younger than 2– are at greater risk of emerging serious flu-related complications. A flu vaccine provides the finest defense against flu and its perhaps serious consequences and also can reduce the spread out of flu come others. Getting vaccinated versus flu has actually been displayed to alleviate flu illnesses, doctor’s visits, to let go work and also school days, and also reduce the threat of flu-related hospitalization and also death in children. Information on this web page summarizes vaccine recommendations for children. An ext information ~ above vaccine benefitsis available.

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Flu is much more dangerous 보다 the common cold for children. Every year flu locations a big burden top top the health and well-being that children and also their families.


Flu is dangerous for children

Flu disease is more dangerous than the typical cold for children. Each year, millions of kids get sick v seasonal flu; thousands of youngsters are hospitalized, and also some youngsters die from flu. Kids commonly need clinical care because of flu, especially youngsters younger than 5 years old.

Complications native flu among children in this age group have the right to include:Pneumonia: condition where the lungs acquire infected and inflamedDehydration: as soon as a child’s body loses too lot water and salts, often because fluid casualty are higher than from fluid intake)Worsening of permanent medical troubles like heart an illness or asthmaBrain dysfunction such together encephalopathySinus problems and also ear infectionsIn rarely cases, flu complications can lead to death.Flu seasons vary in severity, however every year kids are in ~ riskpriziv.org approximates that from the 2010-2011 season to the 2019-2020 season, flu-related hospitalizations among children younger than 5 years old have ranged from 7,000 to 26,000 in the united States.

Note: See frequently Asked Flu inquiries 2021-2022 Influenza Seasonfor flu and also flu vaccine information certain to the current flu season.


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The best way to stop flu is with a flu vaccine. priziv.org recommends the everyone 6 months and also older obtain a seasonal flu vaccine every year, ideally by the end of October. Kids can obtain vaccinated as soon as vaccine i do not care available—even if this is in July or August. However, as long as flu viruses are circulating, vaccination should proceed throughout flu season, also in January or later. More information top top flu inoculation timing is available below. Save in mental that inoculation is particularly important for specific people that are greater risk of emerging serious flu symptom or who are in close call with higher risk persons. This includes youngsters at greater risk of occurring complications native flu illness, and adults who room close contact of those children.

Flu vaccines are updated each season to protect against the 4 influenza viruses the research suggests will it is in most typical during the upcoming season. (See Vaccine Virus Selectionfor this season’s vaccine composition.) This season’s vaccine has actually been to update from last season’s to better match turn around viruses.


Types that flu vaccines for children

During the existing flu season, priziv.org recommends yearly influenza vaccination for anyone 6 months and also older with any kind of licensed, age-appropriate flu vaccine.

Injectable influenza vaccines (IIV4)are offered as an injection (with a needle) and also are authorized for usage in together young human being 6 months and older. (Indications differ by vaccine.)
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Find flu vaccines in her area. Everyone 6 month of age and older needs a flu vaccine.

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Your child’s health care provider will understand which vaccines are ideal for your child.

For much more information on the different types of flu vaccines easily accessible visit priziv.org’s Different types of Flu Vaccines page.

When Should kids get a Flu Vaccine

Children must be vaccinated every flu season because that the best protection against flu. Ideally, everyone have to be vaccinated through the end of October. Youngsters can get vaccinated as shortly as vaccine i do not care available—even if this is in July or August. Some children need two doses. Because that those children it is encourage to gain the first dose as soon as vaccine is available, due to the fact that the 2nd needs to given at the very least 4 weeks after the first. However, gaining vaccinated later deserve to still it is in protective, as long as flu viruses space circulating—even right into January or later. Due to the fact that it takes about two main after inoculation for the body to build antibodies against flu virus infection, the is best to get vaccinated so they are protected prior to influenza starts spreading in your community. Some children will require two doses of flu vaccine. Those kids should acquire the first dose as early on in the season together possible.

Special inoculation instructions for youngsters aged 6 months through 8 years oldSome children 6 months to 8 year old need two doses of flu vaccine. Youngsters in this period group obtaining vaccinated for the first time, and those who have actually only formerly received one sheep of vaccine, should acquire two sheep of vaccine this season. Because that those kids it is recommended they obtain the first dose as shortly as vaccine is available, since the second needs to provided at the very least 4 weeks after ~ the first. Her child’s health treatment provider deserve to tell you if her child demands two doses.If your child requirements the 2 doses, start the procedure early. Children can get vaccinated as soon as vaccine i do not care available—even if this is in July or August. This will ensure that your son is protected before flu beginning circulating in your community.Be sure to get your son a 2nd dose if they require one. It generally takes about two weeks after the second dose because that protection versus flu come begin.

Other preventive Actions

In enhancement to acquiring a flu vaccine, children and caregivers the young youngsters should take the sameeveryday precautionary actions priziv.org recommends because that everyone,including staying clear of people who room sick, washing hands often, and covering coughs.


In the paper definition of the COVID-19 pandemic, local governments or public wellness departments might recommend added precautions be taken in her community. Monitor those instructions.


Symptoms and Treatment

Symptoms

Flu symptoms encompass fever, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, body aches, headache, and fatigue. Some world may likewise have vomiting and also diarrhea, which much more common in children than adults. Civilization may it is in infected v flu and also have respiratory symptoms without a fever.

More information on once to look for emergency treatment is accessible online.

Treatment

Your child’s health care provider can assist decide whether her child must take antiviral medicine if they end up being sick through flu. Antiviral drugs for kids come in the form of pills, liquid, inhaled powder, or intravenous solution. They hit flu by maintaining flu viruses indigenous reproducing in the body. Antiviral drugs should be prescribed by a medical professional — they are not accessible over-the-counter.

More information on children and flu antiviral medicine is accessible online.


In childrenFast breath or problem breathingBluish lips or faceRibs pulling in with each breathChest painSevere muscle pain (child refuses to walk)Dehydration (no urine for 8 hours, dry mouth, no tears once crying)Not alarm or connecting when awakeSeizuresFever above 104°FIn youngsters less 보다 12 weeks, any type of feverFever or sneeze that improve yet then return or worsenWorsening the chronic clinical conditions
In adultsDifficulty breath or shortness of breathPersistent pain or pressure in the chest or abdomenPersistent dizziness, confusion, i can not qualify to arouseSeizuresNot urinatingSevere muscle painSevere weakness or unsteadinessFever or cough that improve but then return or worsenWorsening the chronic clinical conditions

These lists are not all inclusive. You re welcome consult your medical provider for any type of other symptom the is major or concerning.

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Some children are at higher risk

Children at biggest risk of serious flu-related complications encompass the following:

Children younger 보다 6 months oldThese kids are also young to be vaccinated. The best method to defend these children is for their parents to acquire a flu shot during pregnancy and (after birth) because that people roughly them to get vaccinated. A flu shoot given throughout pregnancy has been presented to no only defend the pregnant parent from flu, but likewise to assist protect the infant from flu epidemic for number of months after birth, prior to he or she is old enough to it is in vaccinated.Children age 6 months old v 18 years old with chronic health problems, including:Chronic lung diseaseBlood obstacle (such together sickle cabinet disease)Kidney disordersLiver disordersMetabolic disorders (such together inherited metabolic disorders and mitochondrial disorders)Children who room taking aspirin or salicylate-containing medicines
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1priziv.org Report: priziv.org Influenza Vaccine Program affect Report 2015-20162Study: Influenza and also Other respiratory Virus–Related Emergency room Visits amongst Young Children.external iconPediatrics. 20063Study: The Underrecognized load of Influenza in Young Children.external iconNew England journal of Medicine. 20064MMWR: Deaths pertained to 2009 Pandemic Influenza A (H1N1) among American Indian/Alaska Natives — 12 States, 20095MMWR: Prevention and also Control that Influenza with Vaccines: references of the Advisory Committee ~ above Immunization methods (ACIP), 2010


Content source: Centers for an illness Control and Prevention, National center for Immunization and also Respiratory diseases (NCIRD)
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