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CBS/istockphoto

A number of high-profile former NFL players, consisting of stars candid Gifford and Ken Stabler, have actually been diagnosed v CTE - a debilitating condition associated v head injuries - after their deaths. Castle are amongst a vanguard of agree athletes to have actually donated your brains to science in stimulate to advancement the research study on chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE).

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Evidence is mounting the football players risk an ext than bruises and also broken bones; the repetitive head injuries and also concussions numerous pro athletes suffer deserve to lead to (CTE). The debilitating an illness is marked by depression, dementia, and other Alzheimer’s-like symptoms.

In 2015, researchers at Boston University evidenced CTE in the brains of 87 the end of 91 deceased former NFL players tested. It impacted players consisting of Junior Seau and also Frank Gifford. “While we recognize on median that specific positions experience much more repetitive head impacts and are an ext likely at greater risk for CTE, no position is immune,” Dr. Ann McKee, a professor of neurology in ~ Boston University, called the AP.


Ken Stabler

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Former Oakland Raiders quarterback Ken Stabler, the so late NFL and also Super key MVP and also a finalist for the pro Football room of Fame, had the brain disease CTE, Boston college researchers claimed February 3, 2016.

Stabler, who passed away of colon cancer at period 69 in July 2015, had actually Stage 3 chronic traumatic encephalopathy, Dr. Ann McKee told The connected Press. The previous football star told his family he want his mind studied after discovering that former NFL linebacker junior Seau was diagnosed with the disease. Seau shot self in the chest and also died at period 43. The disease can just be diagnosed after ~ death.

“What is interesting around Ken Stabler is that he anticipated his diagnosis years in advance,” chris Nowinski, the founder the the Concussion tradition Foundation, said the AP. “And even though he’s a football icon he began proactively distancing himself from game in his final years, to express hope the his grandsons would choose not come play.”


Tyler Sash

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Former Iowa soccer star Tyler Sash, who later played two periods as a safety for the brand-new York Giants, was uncovered dead at his residence of an accidental overdose of pain medication at the period of 27 top top September 8, 2015.

His family members announced, January 27, 2016, the representatives indigenous Boston University and the Concussion Legacy foundation found Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) in his brain.

According to the brand-new York times Sash had been cut by the Giants ~ what was at least his 5th concussion and also the an illness had advanced to a stage rarely seen in someone the age.


Frank Gifford

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AP photograph

NFL hall of Famer and TV sporting activities commentator candid Gifford, who played because that the new York Giants for 12 years start in 1952, died in august 2015 in ~ the period of 83. Gifford became one that the highest profile former NFL players to be called as having CTE.

His family revealed in November 2015 the Giffford suffered from concussion-related brain disease. Gifford"s family said they suspected he"d been "suffering native the debilitating effects of head trauma" when he was alive.


Mike Webster

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"Iron Mike" Webster helped the Steelers win 4 Super Bowls in the 70"s. After leaving the game, he endured depression and dementia, dying in 2002 in ~ the period of 50. He came to be the first apparent case of "footballer"s dementia" for mind Injury research Institute (BIRI) pathologist Dr. Bennett Omalu (who to be later shown by will certainly Smith in the movie "Concussion"). Webster"s mind was said to have been v the indistinguishable of "25,000 vehicle crashes" over his 25 year of play football in high school, college, and also the NFL.


Dave Duerson

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Safety Dave Duerson winner a Super bowl as component of the 1985 bears defense. In February 2011, Duerson, 50, texted come his ex-wife Alicia an odd request: "Please, check out that my brain is given to the N.F.L."s mind bank." as soon as Duerson"s body to be found, there to be a handwritten suicide keep in mind repeating the request. "I think David knew the inside of that there was something wrong," Alicia told the brand-new York Times. Duerson"s family members complied with his critical request, donating his brain to the facility for the study of Traumatic Encephalopathy (CSTE). In might 2011, medical professionals at the CSTE evidenced Duerson had actually "indisputable evidence" the CTE.


Chris Henry

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Bengals wide receiver chris Henry"s fatality - ~ falling from a truck during a domestic dispute in 2009 - shocked soccer fans. An autopsy by the BIRI uncovered that the 26-year-old had chronic traumatic encephalopathy."I to be surprised in a way because of his age and because he was not well-known as a concussion sufferer or a huge hitter. Is over there some reduced threshold as soon as you become at risk for this disease? I"m struggling to check out if something have the right to come out hopeful out that this," Dr. Julian Bailes of the BIRI grimly said the new York Times.


Justin Strzelczyk

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Strzelczyk was an offensive lineman v the Steelers for eight seasons. In 2004, he passed away in a auto crash after acquisition police top top a high-speed chase, the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette reported. Toxicology reports proved no proof of drugs or alcohol in the 36-year-old"s body. For this reason what led to his erratic behavior? Strzelczyk"s family members donated his mind to the mind Injury research study Institute. Dr. Ronald Hamilton the the college of Pittsburgh called the brand-new York Times, "If ns didn"t understand anything about this case and also I looked in ~ the slides, i would have asked, "Was this patience a boxer?""


Terry Long

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AP Photo/File

Long played right guard because that the Steelers indigenous 1984 come 1991. In 2005, when he to be 45, he killed himself by drink antifreeze, the Pittsburgh article Gazette reported.

The brain Injury study Institute check his mind and saw evidence of damages that can well have added to his suicide. "Terry long committed suicide because of the chronic traumatic encephalopathy because of his irreversible play." Dr. Bennet Omalu said the newspaper.


Andre Waters

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Waters was concerned as among the league"s hardest-hitting defensive backs during his career through the Philadelphia Eagles. The committed suicide in 2006, in ~ the age of 44.

An autopsy showed that his mind tissue come be comparable to that of an 85-year-old"s Alzheimer"s patient, Dr. Bennet Omalu told the new York Times. "If Waters had actually lived one more 10 to 15 years, that would have been "fully incapacitated," Omalu said.


John Grimsley

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When previous Houston Oilers linebacker man Grimsley died in 2008 at the age of 45, his wife donated his mind to the center for the study of Traumatic Encephalopathy. An autopsy revealed mind abnormalities frequently seen in elderly Alzheimer"s patients. The website compares slides that Grimsley"s mind tissue to those the a 73-year-old ex-boxer.


Junior Seau

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Junior Seau, among the NFL"s best and also fiercest players for almost two decades, had a degenerative mind disease as soon as he committed self-destruction in might 2013, the national Institutes of health revealed.

Results of an NIH research of Seau"s brain revealed abnormalities constant with chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). The NIH, based in Bethesda, Maryland, conducted a examine of three unidentified brains, among which was Seau"s. It stated the findings on Seau were similar to autopsies of civilization "with exposure to repeated head injuries."


Ray Easterling

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AP Photo/File

Atlanta Falcons safety Ray Easterling, who helped lead the team"s vaunted defense in the 1970s and also later filed a high-profile lawsuit versus the NFL targeting the league"s dealing with of concussion-related injuries, committed suicide on April 19, 2012, in Richmond, Va. He to be 62.

~ his career, he endured from dementia, depression and insomnia, according to his wife, mar Ann. One autopsy in 2012 revealed the Easterling endured from CTE.


Ralph Wenzel

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Ralph Wenzel, who played guard because that the Pittsburg Steelers and San Diego Chargers because that seven periods in the 60s and 70s, died in June 2012 from symptom of dementia, follow to his wife, Eleanor Perfetto. He was 69. According to the new York Times, Wenzel started having actually signs that early-onset dementia - storage lapses and other cognitive problems - at age 52 in 1995. The previous player"s condition came to be so major he quit working as a teacher and also coach and also was institutionalized in 2006.

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Wenzel"s brain is among an ext than 100 that have been donated come the Boston University mind bank. His case was disputed at a October 2009 home Judiciary Committee hearing.