President George W. Shrub delivered this resolve to a share session of conference on September 20, 2001, little an ext than a week after the September 11 terror attacks. The nation was reeling. Brand-new York City below Canal Street was still off borders to pedestrians, and also the brand-new York share Exchange had only just reopened. In his speech, the chairman dispelled rumors and also shed light on the perpetrators that the attacks. Since the terrorists responsible had not acted as agents of any type of one nation, bush focused on calling the end the complicity of countries harboring and supporting terror cells.

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Speaking directly to the Taliban in Afghanistan, bush presented a collection of unconditional demands: "Deliver come United states authorities every the leaders of al Qaeda who hide in her land. Release all international nationals, including American citizens, you have actually unjustly imprisoned. Protect foreign journalists, diplomats, and aid workers in her country. Nearby immediately and permanently every terror training camp in Afghanistan, and also hand over every terrorist, and also every human being in their support structure, to proper authorities. Provide the United says full access to terror training camps, for this reason we deserve to make certain they room no much longer operating." bush used his speech to recognize al Qaeda and also its collaborators as the perpetrators of the attacks and the target of retaliation. He likewise asserted that al Qaeda to be an adversary not just to the united States yet to the entire cost-free world. The war versus al Qaeda, stated Bush, would certainly not be America’s alone: "This is the world’s fight. This is civilization’s fight."

A complete transcript is available.


On September the 11th, opponents of flexibility committed an act of war versus our country. Americans have known wars, ­but because that the past 136 years, they have been battles on foreign soil, except for one Sunday in 1941. Americans have actually known the casualties that war, however not at the facility of a good city on a peaceful morning. Americans have known surprise attacks, ­­but never prior to on countless civilians. Every one of this was brought upon united state in a solitary day, ­­and night dropped on a various world, a civilization where flexibility itself is under attack. Americans have plenty of questions tonight. Americans are asking: Who struck our country? The proof we have actually gathered every points come a repertoire of loosely affiliated terrorist institutions known together al Qaeda. Castle are several of the murderers indicted for battle American embassies in Tanzania and also Kenya, and also responsible for battle the USS Cole. Al Qaeda is to terror what the mafia is come crime. However its score is not making money; its score is remaking the human being ­­and imposing that is radical ideas on human being everywhere.

We are not trickery by your pretenses come piety. We have seen their sort before. They space the heirs of all the murderous ideological backgrounds of the twentieth century. By sacrificing person life to serve their radical visions,­­ by abandoning every value other than the will certainly to power,­­ they follow in the path of fascism, Nazism, and also totalitarianism. And they will certainly follow that course all the way, to where it ends: in history’s unmarked grave of discarded lies. Americans space asking: exactly how will us fight and also win this war? we will straight every resource at our command,­­ every means of diplomacy, every tool of intelligence, every instrument of law enforcement, every gaue won influence, and every essential weapon the war, come the disruption and to the defeat of the worldwide terror network.

Now this battle will no be favor the war against Iraq a decade ago, with a decisive liberation that territory and also a swift conclusion. It will not look prefer the waiting war over Kosovo 2 years ago, wherein no soil troops to be used and not a solitary American was lost in combat. Our solution involves far an ext than prompt retaliation and isolated strikes. Americans have to not suppose one battle, yet a prolonged campaign, unlike any kind of other us have ever seen.

George W. Bush, address to a joint Session of conference on the 9/11 Attacks, September 20, 2001.

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questions for discussion

Read the file introduction, the excerpt, and also if easily accessible the message of the speech. Then apply your expertise of American background in order come answer the questions that follow.

How go President bush explain his decision to resolve a joint session the Congress?Identify segments of the decided that deserve to be viewed as a rallying cry because that unity and also others that can be seen as much more of a article of mindful restraint. Administer evidence for your choices.How walk President bush specifically link the assaults on 9/11 come al Qaeda terrorists operating out of Afghanistan?Why did the President encompass a brief mention that “one Sunday in 1941”?A printer-friendly version is obtainable here.