In 2000 George W. Shrub (1946–) became the forty-third president of the joined States, noting a rise to the peak American politics office in a reasonably short political career. Bush's win was the 2nd time in American history that the kid of a previous president take it on the world's most powerful political job.

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A privileged childhood

George Walker bush was born in new Haven, Connecticut, top top July 6, 1946, to Barbara and also George Herbert walker Bush. His parents relocated the family members to Texas as soon as George W. Was 2 years old. Over there his dad made a fortune in the oil business. Together the eldest of six children, George W. Was supposed to shine. He to be an all-around athlete, a same student, and an occasional troublemaker in school—he was once punished for painting a beard on his challenge during music class. In saturday grade, that ran for class president and won.

while his household lived in Houston, Texas, George W. To be sent ago east come enroll at Phillips Academy, a exclusive school in Andover, Massachusetts. Although George W. Became proactively involved in sports, play baseball, basketball, and football, his high school scholastic record was much from exceptional. However, v his family's powerful connections, bush landed a spot in ~ Yale university in Connecticut, wherein both his father and grandfather had attended.

at Yale, shrub was a popular student. He came to be president that the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity and also enjoyed socializing, watching and playing football, and dating. Qualities were not a high priority, and also because of his mischievous behavior, bush had a few minor run-ins through the law. Regardless of his lift of privilege, bush became more at ease v all kinds of world in college. "I was never one to feel guilty," he said around his wealth and also family connections. "I feel lucky."

after ~ Yale

after ~ graduating from Yale in 1968, shrub moved ago to Houston wherein he operated for one agribusiness agency (a agency that produces farm yard products and equipment) and for a mentoring regime (a regimen in which human being counsel or guide others). Yet the recent graduate was unfocused. Later, after start his politics career, questions arose around how he had managed to stop serving in the Vietnam war (1965–75; a war combated in Vietnam in which the United says supported south Vietnam in that is fight against a take over by north Vietnam). He was a member that a Texas Air national Guard unit stationed in ~ Ellington Air force Base. The unit had other young of powerful people. At the time, the national Guard had a long waiting perform of young guys eager to prevent combat company in Vietnam throughout the war, but bush managed to sail v easily.

Texas oilman and the beginning of a political career

Eventually bush decided to continue his education. He to be not embraced by the university of Texas regulation School. Instead, he entered Harvard's organization School. ~ graduation, the retraced his father's footsteps and also returned to Midland, Texas, in 1975 to shot his luck in the oil business. Bush's very first attempt to strike oil was not successful.

In 1977, after ~ the unsuccessful service venture, Bush ended up being interested in politics


and suddenly announced the he would certainly run for a chair in the U.S. Congress. At the very same time, shrub met Laura Welch; three months later, they to be married. Later, they would have actually twin daughters, Jenna and also Barbara. Together a candidate because that a seat in the U.S. Home of Representatives, shrub campaigned as a conservative Republican but lost the near election. Afterwards, shrub turned his focus back to his oil company. By this time, gas prices to be falling sharply, and also the oil company was no doing well. By the mid-1980s, shrub had left the oil business, but not before selling his share in the agency for almost $850,000.

In 1988, shrub worked top top his father's presidential campaign, traveling far and vast to raise money and gain support from an effective people. Shrub found Washington to it is in an unwelcoming place, and he returned to Texas after ~ his father won the presidency. In the process, however, he had, the said, "earned his spurs" in his father's eyes. Later, he went back to Washington to work on his father's fail 1992 presidential campaign.

from baseball come the governor's mansion

so late in 1988, after returning to Texas, bush put with each other a group of seventy investors and bought the Texas Rangers, a struggling professional baseball team. Shrub quickly emerged as the leader the the investment group. The team soon ended up being successful, and also in 1998 the investment group sold the Rangers, earning Bush an ext than $14 million. The money would later be supplied to fund his campaign for president.

once his father lost to invoice Clinton (1946–) in the 1992 presidential race, George W. Decided to shot for political office once again. His status as the most famous owner the the Rangers and also as the child of a previous president gave him an benefit as he campaigned for governor of Texas. He winner the 1994 election, beating incumbent governor Aan Richards.

branch of Texas

famous for making connections, shrub used his management skills in the governor's office, however his political personality still necessary some work. He complained that he walk not prefer to read long books and that that hated meetings and also briefings. Regardless, Governor shrub did work tough supporting education and learning reform and public schools.

A an essential to Bush's popular in Texas was his capacity to appeal to both middle Republicans and the state's Christian conservatives (people that resist readjust and favor to keep traditions), who had involved control the much more conservative next of the Republican Party. Bush described himself together a born-again Christian, other that helped him with the conservative voters. He likewise downplayed issues like his stand versus abortion (a woman's appropriate to finish a pregnancy) in an effort to appeal to a more comprehensive range of voters. He provided that very same formula to victory the Republican presidential nomination in 2000.

The 2000 presidential project

after ~ winning the Republican nomination, shrub selected dick Cheney (1941–) together his vice presidential running mate. Cheney had actually been secretary that defense under Bush's father. Selecting a respected and experienced to run mate proved that bush would surround self with world who were qualified of help him operation the country.

shrub had very early lead, but his opponent, democratic vice chairman Al Gore (1948–), bounced back. The media focused on Bush's tendencies to misuse native in speeches. Meanwhile, Gore, one experienced international diplomat and two-time evil president, criticized shrub for his weakness with international policy.

Voting work came and also went with no clean winner. Difficulties with ballots in several counties in Florida triggered ballot recounts. Weeks later, ~ a five-to-four decision the the U.S. Supreme Court finished the recounts, bush finally arised as the winner.

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A president challenged

Fewer than nine months right into office, Bush's leadership an abilities were tested choose no various other president prior to him. ~ above September 11, 2001, terrorists hijacked four U.S. Jetliners, crashing one into rural Pennsylvania, another into the Pentagon building outside Washington, D.C., and two into the people Trade Center structures in brand-new York City. The tragedy, which killed thousands and destroyed the world Trade Center, prompted shrub to notice a "War on Terrorism." The new war became the focus of Bush's presidency.

For much more Information

Ivins, Molly, and Lou Dubose. Shrub. brand-new York: random House, 2000.

Minutaglio, Bill. first Son. brand-new York: time Books, 1999.

Mitchell, Elizabeth. W: Revenge that the bush Dynasty. new York: Hyperion, 2000.