Early initiatives

Bush to be the very first Republican president to enjoy a bulk in both houses of Congress because Dwight D. Eisenhower in the 1950s. Taking advantage of his party’s strength, bush proposed a $1.6 sunshine tax-cut invoice in February 2001. A weaken measure worth $1.35 billion to be passed by conference in June, despite autonomous objections the it unfairly benefited the wealthy. In the very same month, however, control of the Senate formally passed come the democracy after Republican Sen. James Jeffords left his party to come to be an independent. Subsequently, many of Bush’s residential initiatives encountered far-reaching resistance in the Senate.

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In international affairs, the Bush administration announced that the United claims would not abide through the Kyoto Protocol on reducing the emission of gases responsible for worldwide warming, i beg your pardon the unified States had actually signed in the last days that the invoice Clinton administration, since the commitment did no impose emission borders on emerging countries and because it could harm the U.S. Economy. The administration also withdrew from the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty and also attempted to secure commitments native various governments not come extradite U.S. Citizens come the new International Criminal Court, whose jurisdiction the rejected.

The September 11 attacks

On September 11, 2001, shrub faced a dilemm that would certainly transform his presidency. That morning, 4 American commercial airplanes to be hijacked through Islamist terrorists. Two of the planes to be deliberately crashed right into the twin towers of the world Trade center in new York City, damaging both towers and also collapsing or damaging many surrounding buildings, and a third was used to destroy component of the Pentagon structure outside Washington, D.C.; the fourth aircraft crashed external Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, after ~ passengers apparently attempted to take back it (see September 11 attacks). The crashes—the worst terrorist occurrence on U.S. Soil—killed part 3,000 people.


George W. Shrub (seated) talk on the phone together advisers clock a television report around the human being Trade Center, in ~ Emma E. Booker Elementary institution in Sarasota, Florida, September 11, 2001; shrub was visiting the institution at the time of the attacks.

U.S. Pres. George W. Shrub conferring v his cook of staff aboard Air pressure One, September 11, 2001.

The Bush administration accused radical Islamist Osama bin Laden and also his terror network, al-Qaeda (Arabic: “the Base”), of duty for the attacks and also charged the Taliban government of Afghanistan v harbouring bin Laden and his pendant (in a videotape in 2004, bin Laden acknowledged that he was responsible). ~ assembling an international military coalition, bush ordered a massive bombing campaign against Afghanistan, which began on October 7, 2001. U.S.-led forces quickly toppled the Taliban government and also routed al-Qaeda fighters, though bin Laden himself remained elusive (he was ultimately killed in a raid by U.S. Forces in Pakistan in 2011). In the wake of the September 11 attacks and also during the war in Afghanistan, Bush’s public-approval ratings to be the highest of his presidency, getting to 90 percent in some polls.

(From left to right) Donald Rumsfeld, Colin Powell, George W. Bush, and Dick Cheney in ~ a nationwide Security council meeting sooner or later after the September 11, 2001, attacks.

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Domestic measures

Immediately after the September 11 attacks, residential security and the risk of terrorism came to be the chief emphasis of the Bush management and the optimal priority of federal government at every level. Declaring a worldwide “war ~ above terrorism,” bush announced the the country would not rest until “every terrorist team of global reach has been found, stopped, and defeated.” To coordinate the government’s residential response, the administration formed a cabinet-level department of homeland Security, which started operating top top January 24, 2003.