creating the American country

George Washington, the commander in chief of the American Revolutionary Army, was the ever before practical military leader, chairman of the commonwealth Constitutional Convention, and first president the the united States. The collections of this renowned former British colonial reflect his windy career and also his personal interests.

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George Washington, the command in chief of the American Revolutionary Army, to be the ever practical military leader, chairman of the federal Constitutional Convention, and very first president that the joined States. The collections of this famed former British early american reflect his publicly career and also his an individual interests.

The about 65,000 items in the George Washington files revolve approximately Washington"s careers together surveyor, plantation owner, army commander in the company of and also in revolt against the brother government, and practical politician. Washington"s correspondence, account books, and military files are the preeminent resources for military facets of the French and Indian Wars and the American Revolution. Washington"s correspondence, diaries, journals, and also meticulously preserved records of commonwealth appointment applications space unparalleled reservoirs of information on the establishing of the United claims constitution and the development of the nationwide government.

these collections of the papers of Washington and also 22 various other Presidents room the main point of the Library that Congress"s unequaled sources for the study of the starting of the American nation and its national government.

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George Washington to buy it Cary Fairfax, June 7, 1755


In 1755 when on a army campaign versus the French, George Washington started his flirtatious correspondence with Sarah cary Fairfax, who was just two year older 보다 Washington however the wife of George william Fairfax, his neighbor and close girlfriend at Belvoir, in Fairfax county. Only twenty-two when he started this created communication, Washington ongoing to create to Sally and also she no doubt kept a special priziv.orgation in Washington"s love throughout his life. Washington"s correspondence with the well-married sarah Fairfax was not inexplicable for the eighteenth century. Washington"s letterbook duplicates reveal his care and also concern in the composition of this letter and also his later attempts to polish the prose in his letterbooks.

See collection 2, Letterbook 1, image 69 and also Letterbook 2, photo 31 for added images and a transcription of these letters.

George Washington come Mary round Washington, July 18, 1755


quickly after the defeat of basic Braddock"s military on July 9, 1755, a beat but clearly exhilarated George Washington composed this excited and also reassuring account of the battle to his mother, Mary sphere Washington. Washington praised the Virginia soldiers for your "Bravery," yet condemned the brother regulars who "broke, and also run as Sheep gone after by dogs" for their "cowardice" and also "dastardly behavior." The fortunes of war smiled down on Washington, as the young American escaped uninjured by hostile or trusted fire, return "I had four Bullets v my Coat, and also two horses shot under me." Washington continued to serve in the Anglo-American military and also was a major factor in Britain"s defeat of the French and capture of fort Duquesne (renamed ft Pitt by the British) in 1758. Instantly after his return to Virginia, Washington married Martha Dandridge Custis on January 6, 1759.

See collection 2, Letterbook 1, image 77, for extr images and also a transcription of this letter.

George Washington to john Hancock, July 21, 1775


For 16 years George and also Martha Washington lived as one affluent, influential planter household in Virginia. Washington play a leading part in Virginia"s struggles against British rule. The American revolt versus British rule in 1775, recalled Washington come the army life native his beloved mount Vernon estate. A political leader in Virginia, Washington was elected to the continental Congress in 1774 and 1775. After ~ fighting damaged out at Lexington and also Concord, Massachusetts, in April 1775, congress appointed Washington command in chef of the American forces on June 15, 1775. Washington quickly departed Philadelphia to take it command the the main American army encircling the British forces in Boston. General Washington come after the resounding American slaughter that British pressures at Bunker (Breed"s) Hill on June 17, and also wrote this quick update to john Hancock, chairman of the continental Congress. As soon as Washington realized the influence of British armed forces losses on their political and military plans, it ended up being the dominant aspect of Washington"s armed forces strategy throughout the war.

See collection 2, Letterbook 7, image 26 and also 27, for additional images and a transcription of these letters.

George Washington come Richard Varick, January 1, 1784


once the American Revolutionary War finished in 1783, Washington returned to Mount Vernon as shortly as America"s political, economic, and military instances would allow. A tearful farewell come his officers and men in new York on December 4, 1783, was complied with by his dramatic resignation to conference on December 23. Ever before mindful that his personal papers and also records, Washington had written on November 16, 1783, come his aide, Richard Varick, around transporting them come Virginia in six hair chests through wagon. In this January 1, 1784, letter, Washington acknowledges your arrival at mount Vernon and thanks Varick for having actually them "so appropriately arranged, & so effectively recorded." The transcripts the Washington"s wartime papers, known as "the Varick Transcripts," comprise collection three of the Washington documents at the Library the Congress. Due to the fact that Washington"s records have been rearranged at miscellaneous times, "the Varick Transcripts" provide the only source for the original arrangement of Washington"s papers.

See series 2, Letterbook 11, image 72, for added images and a transcription for this letter.

George Washington to James Madison, October 10, 1787


George Washington went back to the facility of national political life during the battle to create a strong national republican government to replace ascendancy by the separated state and also confederation governments. Working very closely with James Madison, Washington helped pave the method to the commonwealth Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, wherein he sat as presiding officer from may to September 1787, if the brand-new constitution to be written. This October 10, 1787, letter to Madison, expose Washington"s politics maturity. Washington plainly saw the importance of the public"s late of Congress"s unanimous referral that the structure to the states and also the nature that opposition indigenous George Mason, Richard Henry Lee and also the other anti-federalists in Virginia.

See collection 2, Letterbook 14, images 158-161 for additional images and also a transcription of this letter.

deal with to the Mayor, Corporation and Citizens that Alexandria, April 16, 1789


George Washington do this emotionally speech come the citizen of his hometown, Alexandria, Virginia, in ~ the begin of his triumphant tourism to brand-new York and also the presidency of the nascent United states on April 16, 1789. Washington expressed his regret at leaving mount Vernon and also asked because that the "protection of that beneficent Being" together he and also the country embarked on their brand-new course. This letterbook copy is the only historic manuscript the this attend to to survive.

See Letterbook 38, image 2, for extr images and a warrior of this speech.

George Washington come the United claims Senate, September 24, 1789


as the an initial president that the United says under its brand-new constitution, president George Washington performed many "firsts." among the most crucial of these tasks was the appointment of federal officials. In this letter come the United says Senate, Washington nominates the very first members that the supreme Court and other commonwealth judicial officials. Washington had actually to plot swiftly, prudently, and also wisely in his selections, because of the need for the very first federal department to function smoothly and fairly. The need for the civilization to perceive this equity led Washington to base his decisions on geographic priziv.orgation, support for the brand-new constitution, and past appropriate experience. Thus, his nominees for the supreme Court to be from different states and sections that the nation, were strong supporters of the constitution, and had legal and judicial experience.

See collection 2, Letterbook 25, pictures 100 and 101 for additional images the this document.

newspaper of the Proceedings the the President, august 1 and also 2, 1793


George Washington had actually maintained a an individual diary throughout his life, and when president he describe the practice of keeping an official journal or diary the the chief executive. Although not all the journals survive, those in Washington"s papers administer an understanding into the daily tasks of the presidency unmatched by any kind of other source. The entries for August 1 and also 2, 1793, revolve roughly one of the earliest foreign policy crises of the new government. Chairman Washington wanted French Minister Edmond Genet sent home, due to the fact that of Genet"s ongoing violations that United claims laws and also regulations in his initiatives to recruit men, ships, and also supplies for France"s war against an excellent Britain. Washington"s cabinet, favor the nation, to be divided in between supporters the France and good Britain. The concern was a crucial factor in the rivalry the Secretary of State cutting board Jefferson. Together a result of the room meetings of respectable 1 and also 2, even Jefferson had to assistance a request to the French federal government for the recall of Genet.

See collection 2, Letterbook 41, images 191 and also 192 for additional images of these pages.