Counter attack is the only bear deterrent the meets or exceeds IGBC recommendations. The 8.1 oz. Unit has actually a spray time that 7.2 seconds and also a spray street of 30 ft. The 10.2 oz. Unit has actually a spray time of 9.2 seconds and a spray street of 32 ft. Counter Assault, headquartered in Kalispell, MT, is the brand carried by park ranger in Glacier and Yellowstone.

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Bear strikes is a thorough study of bear strikes on humans. This is the occasionally horrific, yet constantly instructive, story of bear & Humans, composed by the leading scientific authority in the field, Stephen Herrero. This publication is for anyone that camps, hikes, or visits bear country, or wants to learn much more about bear behavior.
Hiking in bear Country
As you"re probably currently aware, Glacier national Park is be afflicted with country, and also is home to both black color bears and grizzly bears. For those wishing to venture into Glacier"s backcountry, one of the first questions that concerns mind is how to have a safe pilgrimage while hiking v bears.

One of the ideal ways to ensure a safe hike is to take trip in a group of 3 or more people. Professionals recommend four or even groups of five individuals. The noise native footfalls and also talking is usually sufficient to alert bears of pull close humans. Fortunately Glacier has a fairly extensive routine of ranger led hikes that provide hikers through the chance to hike in the safety of a group. This ranger led hikes are offered during the summer months, administer inside expertise of the park and also natural world, and also visit a selection of destinations transparent the park. You deserve to click here for a schedule.

Short of hiking with a huge group, the best thing you have the right to do is learn how to avoid a surprised encounter v a bear, identify the difference in between black and grizzly bears, what you need to do if you watch one ~ above the trail, and what you can do if a be afflicted with acts aggressively in the direction of you.

Just to store things in perspective, though, be afflicted with encounters are an extremely rare. Consider that approximately two million human being visit Glacier each year, and an ext than one million undertaking into the backcountry. ~ above average, over there are only one or 2 non-lethal bear "incidents" in a provided year. And, there have only been 10 bear related fatalities in the history of the park (all of those have developed since 1967). Only three of those fatalities involved hikers, and at least two the those to be solo hikers.

Avoiding surprised Encounters

Noise is your ideal friend when it come to avoiding bears while out on the trail. Bears will usually relocate out of the way if castle hear people approaching. Shouting the end "hey bear" and also clapping hands loudly every few minutes are terrific ways of make your visibility known. Numerous hikers think they can rely on be afflicted with bells; however, this is most likely to it is in a mistake. Because that the most component bear bells room pretty useless. The noise generated by the bells generally doesn"t carry well, and also are fully useless in windy conditions, close to streams, and in open terrain.

People regularly assume castle don"t need to make noise while hiking on a well-used trail. Some of the most typically used trails in the park, such together Iceberg Lake or Grinnell Glacier, space surrounded by wonderful bear habitat. World have been charged and also injured by bear fleeing from silent hikers that unwittingly surprised them follow me the trail. Also if other hikers haven"t seen any bears on any type of given section of trail, don’t assume the bears aren"t present.

Also, don"t i think a bear"s listening is any much better than yours. Assorted trail problems can make it tough for bear to see, hear, or odor approaching hikers. Be an especially careful close to streams and also waterfalls, versus the wind, or in dense vegetation. A blind corner or a climb in the trail likewise requires one-of-a-kind attention.

The best thing to carry out is come make sure you make a many noise, stay alert at all times, and also avoid the habit that looking under at the trail every the time.

You should also avoid dead animals, together bears will certainly feed ~ above carcasses for days. If you carry out come across an pet carcass, retreat the means you came in, and also report the finding to a ranger as shortly as possible.

Identifying black color Bears and also Grizzly Bears

It"s essential to be able to tell the difference in between a black color bear and also a grizzly bear. This will aid you decide her course of activity in the occasion of an encounter with a bear, together the two types will react differently in the same situation.

Color alone isn"t a dependable indicator the species. Contradictory to your name, black color bears likewise come in brown, cinnamon, and blond. A black color bears" face profile is straighter indigenous the tip of nose to that is ears, contrasted to the dished-in look at of the grizzly. They absence the hump, typical in grizzlies, and also have much shorter claws, generally approximately one and also a fifty percent inches long. Adult black color bear males average around 220 pounds, while adult females average approximately 140 pounds. Top top average, black bears room two and also a half to three feet when standing on all fours.


Grizzlies, prefer black bears, come in a range of colors. Castle can selection from blond to almost black. Occasionally they have silver-tipped guard hairs that offer them a "grizzled" appearance. Grizzlies regularly have a dished-in face and also a big hump of hefty muscle above the shoulders. Their claws are around four inches long. Grizzlies commonly weigh about 300-600 pounds, yet can grow up to 1,400 pounds. Adult grizzlies deserve to be six feet or more when was standing on hind legs, and three to 4 feet once standing on every fours. Based on a multi-year DNA study, it"s estimated that there are about 300 grizzly bears living within Glacier nationwide Park.

What need to you perform if you watch a bear?

What need to you carry out if you conference a be afflicted with while hiking? Unfortunately, there"s no simple answer to the question. Favor people, bear react in different ways to every situation.

Bears may show up tolerant of people, but then assault without warning. A bear"s human body language can help determine that mood. In general, bears display agitation through swaying their heads, huffing, and also clacking your teeth. Lower head and laid-back ears also indicate aggression. Bears may stand on their hind foot or technique to obtain a far better view, however these actions room not necessarily signs of aggression. The bear might not have determined you as a person and is can not to smell or hear friend from a distance.

I strongly advice you to watch the be affected by each other Safety video on the Glacier website. Park Wildlife Biologist john Waller discusses be affected by each other behavior and also demonstrates some of the things you deserve to do if you conference a bear on the trail.

Also, because that the security of other hikers, it"s ideal to report any kind of bear sightings come a ranger as quickly as possible.

What if a be afflicted with acts aggressively towards you?

The vast bulk of bear strikes have occurred because human being have surprised a bear. In this form of situation the be affected by each other may assault as a defensive maneuver.

In rare situations bears may assault at night or after stalking people. This have the right to be really serious because it often means the bear is in search of food and also is preying on you. If girlfriend are attacked at night, or if you feeling you have actually been stalked and attacked together prey, try to escape. If you cannot escape, or if the bear follows, usage pepper spray, or shout and shot to intimidate the bear with a branch or rock. Do whatever it takes come let the bear know you room not easy prey.

If you carry out surprise a bear, here are a few guidelines to follow that might help:

Talk quietly or not at all; the moment to make loud noise is prior to you conference a bear. Try to detour roughly the bear if possible.

Do not run! back away slowly, but stop if it appears to agitate the bear.

Assume a nonthreatening posture. Rotate sideways, or bend at the knee to appear smaller.

Use peripheral vision. Bears may interpret direct eye call as threatening.

Drop something (not food) to odor the bear. Save your fill on for defense in case of one attack.

If a be affected by each other attacks and also you have pepper spray, usage it!

If the bear makes contact, protect your chest and also abdomen through falling come the floor on your stomach, or i think a fetal position to reduce the severity of one attack. Sheathe the back of her neck with your hands. Donot move until you"re details the bear has actually left.

Bear Spray

This aerosol pepper derivative triggers temporarily incapacitating uncomfortable in bears. It"s a non-toxic, non-lethal means of deterring bears. There have been situations where be affected by each other spray apparently repelled wild or attack bears. However there are accounts whereby it didn"t work-related as expected. Determinants influencing effectiveness include distance, wind, rainy weather, temperature extremes and product shelf life.

If you decide to lug bear spray, use it only in situations where wild bear habits justifies its use. Be affected by each other spray is to plan to be sprayed into the face of one oncoming bear. It is no intended come act as a repellent.

Do not spray gear or her camp through bear spray.

Under no circumstances must bear spray produce a false feeling of security or offer as a substitute for standard safety and security precautions in bear country.

Also, be mindful that you may not have the ability to cross the U.S./Canada border v some brand of pepper spray. Canadian customizeds specifications call for that all canisters that pepper spray be labeling for use on bears. They will certainly not allow little canisters designed come deter human being attackers right into the country.

Additional Information

For more information on bear in Glacier, you re welcome click here.

For an ext information on bear behavior, ecology, and management in Glacier, you re welcome click here.

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For an ext in-depth information, the university of Alberta in Canada has actually some excellent and an important information concerning Bear Safety, Awareness & Avoidance on your website. The web page covers selection of issues about bears, consisting of understanding bear behavior, exactly how to react to be afflicted with encounters, bear deterrents, and how to stop bear problems. There"s a lot of an extremely useful info here.