America (Civil War song Sheet). Samuel F. Smith, words, No date. Rare Book and Special collections Division, Library that Congress
My country "tis of thee,Sweet floor of liberty...

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Although we recognize that Reverend Samuel Francis Smith composed the words come "My country "Tis the Thee" (also known as "America"), the origin of the song"s melody stays a mystery. And the history of that is verses is even much more complex.

The boy of Henry Carey, a brothers singer-composer, asserted his father to be the an initial to compose both the words and also the music of this song as "God Save great George the King" in London in 1740. However, Carey"s son had financial factors for making together a claim, and also music historians argued it was much more likely any such tune would have actually been based on a pre-existing melody.

Such an previously melody, if the did exist, has actually been attributed to assorted seventeenth-century sources including the English composer john Bull, the French court composer Jean-Baptiste Lully, and also even a military hymn native Switzerland. Return the tune"s precise origin is no confirmed, it was published in England in 1744 in the tune book Thesaurus Musicus.

The power that led to an explode in the popular of "God conserve the King" took priziv.orgation in London in September 1745. Dr. Thomas Arne i ordered it the song for a September 28, 1745, power at the Drury lane Theater. It was likewise performed at the same time at the Covent Garden theatre for number of nights running. The track was intended to present support for the Hanoverian King George II, complying with the defeat of his general John deal with at Prestonpans, a battle that was the opening salvo in the war versus "Bonnie Prince Charlie," his Stuart rival for the throne.


My nation "Tis of Thee. Ca 1861. Music Division, Library the Congress

Before the music the "My country "Tis the Thee" do its method to the United claims it to be played in numerous countries. By the 1790s the melody had come to be that the the Danish national anthem "A tune to be Sung by the Danish topics at the Fete of your King, to the Melody that the English Hymn." eventually it likewise became the national anthem the at the very least six various other places, including Prussia ("Heil dir im Siegerkranz" or "Hail to Thee in the Victor"s Wreath"), britain ("God save the Queen") and also Liechtenstein.

The an initial documented version of this melody printed in the American British swarms dates from 1761. The song of "God conserve the King" was used, in a contempt modified form, together the melody for the hymn known as "Whitefield"s Tune," released in Urania, a arsenal of sacred songs compiled through James Lyon and printed by wilhelm Bradford.

After the colonies ended up being independent native England the words were further adapted for use in the joined States. Because that example, George Washington was greeted together he come in brand-new York City because that his an initial inauguration in April 1789, v the complying with homegrown native sung come the familiar air that "God conserve the King."

Hail, she auspicious day!For permit America Thy prayer resound.Joy come our indigenous land!Let every heart expand,For Washington"s at hand,With glory crowned.Thrice lover Columbia, hail!Behold prior to the gale your chief advance.The matchless Hero"s neigh;Applaud him come the sky,Who provided you liberty,With gen"rous France.

A variety of popular versions of the song may have developed in America, v no recognized documentation as to their source. That would have been known, because that example, to plenty of members that the Lewis and Clark exploration (1803-1806) under the priziv.orgation "God store America."

God save AmericaFree from tyrannic swayTill time chandelier ceaseHush"d be the din of armsAnd every proud war"s alarm;Follow in every her charmsHeaven-borne peace.
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Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. Youngsters singing in Martha Royer"s school house. Dick, Sheldon, photographer, 1938? Prints and also Photographs Division, Library the Congress

The words the eventually came to be a tradition, an especially among U.S. School children, were written by Samuel Francis smith while that was examining at Andover Theological Seminary in 1831. Smith was approached by the renowned organist and also composer Lowell Mason who had actually with him some German school music books. Mason wanted Smith come either analyze the German, or write new text for the tunes. Smith was an especially struck by one track (most most likely unaware the it was the same melody as "God conserve the King") and wrote his lyrics to it. The song was debuted through Mason on July 4, 1831, at a children"s service at the Park Street Church in Boston, Massachusetts.

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Smith initially wrote another verse, which that cut due to the fact that it appeared too strident and not in keeping with what he wanted to be a peaceful homage to the nation. Beethoven and also Haydn have incorporated the music of this song right into their own job-related and, on respectable 28, 1963, Rev. Young name Luther King quoted Smith"s lyrics once he declared from the procedures of the Lincoln Memorial "I have a dream" and also called top top the country to "let flexibility ring."

Learn an ext About the Related web Sites publish Bibliography
Browne, C. A. The story the our nationwide ballads. Modification by Willard A. Heaps. New York: cutting board Y. Crowell Company, 1960. Call number: ML3551 .B88 1960. Clark, Kenneth S. Stories of America"s best songs, fourth ed. New York: nationwide Bureau for the development of Music, 1941. Call number: ML3551 .C5 1941. Chase, Gilbert. America"s music: indigenous the pilgrims to the present, 3rd ed., revised. V a foreword through Richard Crawford and also a discographical essay by wilhelm Brooks. Urbana and Chicago, Illinois: college of Illinois Press, 1987. Call number: ML200 .C5 1987. Ewen, David, ed. American renowned songs from the Revolutionary battle to the present. Brand-new York: arbitrarily House, 1966. Call number: ML128 .N3 E9. "God save the Queen ." The new Oxford companion to music, Denis Arnold, ed. Volume I, A-J: 773. Oxford and brand-new York: Oxford university Press, 1983. ML100 .N5 1983. Hitchcock, H. Wiley. Music in the joined States: a historic introduction, fourth ed. With Kyle Gann. Upper Saddle River, brand-new Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 2000. Call number: ML200 .H58 2000. Howard, man Tasker. Our American Music: A comprehensive history from 1620 to the present, fourth ed. New York: thomas Y. Cromwell Company, 1965. Call number: ML200 .H8 1965. Langley, Hubert. medical professional Arne. London: Cambridge university Press, 1938. Call number: ML410 .A78 L28. Scholes, Percy A. "God save the Queen." The Oxford companion to music, 9th ed. London and brand-new York: Oxford university Press, 1955. Call number: ML100 .S37 1955. Scholes, Percy A. God save the Queen!: the background and romantic of the world"s very first national anthem. London: Oxford University press (Geoffrey Cumberlege, publisher come the University), 1954. Call number: ML3658 .S3 1954

title My nation "Tis that Thee created / published Library of Congress, Washington, DC, 2002. subject Headings - renowned Songs that the job - Songs and also Music - song Collections Genre short article added Metadata styles METSXML record