Dame Olivia de Havilland, who has passed away at 104 in Paris, was one of the last survivors the Hollywood's gold Age.

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Her many famous duty was the of the virtuous Melanie opposite Vivien Leigh's wayward Scarlett, in the epic Gone with the Wind.


Her partnership with her sister, the actress Joan Fontaine, was a consistent source that speculation in the gossip columns.


Olivia mary de Havilland to be born in Tokyo top top 1 July 1916 to Walter, a brother patent lawyer and his actress mam Lilian.


Her paternal family members originated in the Channel Islands; her cousin Geoffrey was the aircraft designer responsible for creating the famous people War 2 plane, the Mosquito.


Her sisters Joan was born in 1917. Both girls endured from bronchial problems and her mom moved the family members to California in 1919 trying to find a much more agreeable climate.


De Havilland's father, who was well known for his infidelities, shortly abandoned lock to return to Tokyo whereby he later on married his Japanese housekeeper.


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Image source, Getty Images

Lilian provided elocution and also singing lessons to her 2 daughters and also introduced them come the functions of Shakespeare.


In 1925 her mommy married a department store owner, George M Fontaine, who implemented a strict routine on his 2 stepdaughters.


By this time the sisters had embarked on what would become their legend feud, resulted in - follow to your biographer Charles Higham - through Olivia's inability to expropriate a younger sibling.


For she part, Joan believed her mom favoured Olivia, who Higham said took pleasure in cutting up Joan's clothes and forcing she to sew them back together again.


De Havilland was bitten through the drama bug while in ~ Los Gatos High School, make her phase debut in 1933 in an amateur production of Alice in Wonderland.


She later on recalled: "I was actually relocating in Alice's fascinating wonderland. And also so, because that the first time, i felt not just pleasure in acting but love because that acting as well."


She was spotted by manager Max Reinhardt, who actors her together Hermia in a production of a Midsummer Night's Dream in ~ the Hollywood Bowl. She do her screen debut once the play to be filmed because that Warner brother in 1935. It received lukewarm reviews.


Her breakthrough came as soon as producer Hal Wallis encouraged the studio to actors her in Captain Blood, the opposite an Australian actor called Errol Flynn.


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Image source, Ronald Grant

The chemistry between the pair was immediate and also they would certainly star together in an additional seven films, consisting of The charge of the irradiate Brigade and The Adventures of Robin Hood.


De Havilland later declared that Flynn, who had a reputation together a womaniser, had actually proposed to her yet she had turned him under as he was currently married.


Throughout the 1930s she appeared in a variety of light, romantic films that allowed her come showcase she perfect diction yet did tiny to advance her career,


With the support of Jack Warner's wife, Ann, de Havilland was readily available the duty of Melanie in David O Selznick's epos adaptation of the Margaret Mitchell novel, Gone v the Wind.


She received much crucial acclaim for her performance and was nominated because that an Oscar for ideal supporting actress. She lost out to Hattie McDaniel who played Mammy, making she the first African-American actress to win an Academy Award.


De Havilland's feud with her sister showed little sign that abating. When Fontaine won a best actress Oscar in 1942, she allegedly refuse to identify De Havilland, who had likewise been nominated, back Fontaine later denied this.


Some commentators suggested the pair maintained the pretence the an ongoing quarrel and also pointed out that the sisters did meet frequently on social occasions.


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Image source, Ronald Grant

De Havilland's efforts to proceed to play much more serious roles were hampered through Warner brother which, choose all significant studios in ~ the time, had complete control end its stars.


When she was told Warner was adding time come her initial contract as a penalty for turning down roles, she took the studio to court through the assistance of the screen Actors Guild.


The California supreme Court rule in she favour in what ended up being known as the De Havilland Law, i beg your pardon loosened the grip studios had on your actors.


"I to be told i would never work again, if I shed or won," she later said. "When ns won, they were impressed and didn't be afflicted with a grudge." However, De Havilland did not make one more film for an ext than two years.


Subsequently her career flourished. She won an Oscar in 1946 for her function in To every His Own, the exact same year in i m sorry she married a naval veteran called Marcus Goodrich. She walk on to major dramatic functions in The snake Pit in 1948 and also in The Heiress a year later, for which she winner a second Oscar.


In the 1950s she moved to France with her 2nd husband, Frenchman Pierre Galante, the editor of Paris Match, and specialized most of her time come a cultivation family.


She famously turned under the role of Blanche DuBois in the 1951 adaptation the A Streetcar named Desire. Instead the part went come Vivien Leigh, who won an Oscar.


There was a gold Globe nomination because that her function in one adaptation of mine Cousin Rachel the contrary Richard Burton and also she won lot praise because that Lady in a Cage, a 1964 film in i beg your pardon she played a crippled widow trapped in a elevator by intruders.


She ongoing to action sporadically till the so late 1980s, to win a gold Globe in 1986 for Anastasia: The secret of Anna.


In 2008, at the age of 92, de Havilland obtained the US national Medal that Arts native George W Bush. 2 years later on she to be awarded the knight Legion the Honour indigenous French chairman Nicolas Sarkozy. She had been a French residents for more than 50 years.

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The feud with Fontaine, which had been reignited end quarrels around medical treatment for their mom in 1975, finally finished with Fontaine's death in 2013.


Fontaine had actually been quoted together saying: "I married first, winner the Oscar before Olivia did, and also if I die first, she'll certainly be livid since I beat she to it."


She was developed a Dame in the 2017 birthday Honours list, within weeks of her 101st birthday, making her the oldest human to obtain the award. She explained it as "the most gratifying of birthday presents".


Unable to take trip to London because that the investiture, she obtained her honour in Paris in 2018 from the brother ambassador to France.


Also in 2018, de Havilland started legal proceedings versus the FX TV network over just how she was portrayed in your docudrama Feud: Bette and Joan.


The show, certification Susan Sarandon and Jessica Lange, depicted the conflict in between Bette Davis and Joan Crawford top top the film baby Jane. Catherine Zeta Jones played de Havilland in the duty of narrator.


De Havilland's attorneys said: "Miss de Havilland was no asked by FX because that permission to use her name and also identity and was no compensated because that such use.


"Further, the FX collection puts native in the mouth of miss out on de Havilland which room inaccurate and also contrary come the call she has constructed over one 80-year skilled life. Special, refusing to communicate in gossip mongering about other actors in stimulate to generate media fist for herself."


But the California appeals court ruled against her. Further appeals to the California can be fried Court likewise came to a dead end.


Olivia de Havilland started her movie career when black and white still organized sway end colour and Hollywood studio bosses ruled their stars through a rod of iron.


The critical of the significant players in Gone v the Wind, she admitted in a 2015 interview that she tho watched the film from time to time in order to connect with her former co-stars.


"Luckily that does not make me melancholy," she said. "Instead, once I see them vibrantly lively on screen, I experience a kind of reunion v them, a joyful one."